Greens Construction

Architecture
Design
Architects & Builders

USGA Greens
California Greens
Sand Greens
Backyard Greens
Green Surrounds
Construction
Renovation
Drainage
Sands & Gravel

Architecture
American Society of Golf Course Architects
ASGCA Developer's Handbook
ASGCA Project Feasability
ASGCA Choosing a Golf Course Architect
ASGCA Site Selection
ASGCA Land Planning
ASGCA Land Entitlements
ASGCA Financing Golf Course Projects
ASGCA Construction Documents
ASGCA Golf Course Construction
ASGCA Golf Course Maintenance
ASGCA Ownership and Operation
ASGCA Resource Directory

Contemporary Golf Course Architecture - Saga or Satire? first published in the Green Section RECORD, March/April 1989 by Frank Hannigan, Former Senior Executive Director, United States Golf Association

Ed Seay Interview - Palmer DesignGo

Things To Do Before Contacting A Golf Course Architect by Newell 0. Pinch Chief Executive Officer, Southern California Golf Association

Turfgrass Tips Online vol1(10) - Golf Course Architect Selection

AutoGOLF Golf Course Design Software for Architecture

Golf Course Design Maps - Golf Course Aerial Mapping

Aussie Golf Design - software

Links Magazine Online

TLGolf.com: Home of T&L Golf Magazine

‡Graves & Cornish, Golf Course Design (John Wiley & Sns, 1998)

‡Hurdzan, Golf Course Architecture in America: Design, Construction and Restoration (Ann Arbor Press, 1996)

‡Doak & Crenshaw, The Anatomy of a Golf Course (1992)

‡Strawn, Driving the Green : The Making of a Golf Course (Burford Books, reprint 1997)

‡Dye et al., Bury Me in a Pot Bunker : Golf Through the Eyes of the Game's Most Challenging Course Designer (McGraw-Hill, rev. ed. 1999)

‡Thomas, Golf Architecture in America: Its Strategy and Construction (Sleeping Bear Press, reprint 1997)

‡Shackelford, Masters of the Links (Sleeping Bear Press, 1997)

‡Shackelford, The Golden Age of Golf Design (Ann Arbor Press, 1999)

‡Tillinghast, ed., The Course Beautiful: A Collection of Original Articles and Photographs on Golf Course Design (Treewolf Productions 1996)

‡Tillinghast, Riminiscences of the Links (Treewolf Productions, 1998)

‡Doak et al., The Life and Work of Dr. Alister MacKenzie (Sleeping Bear Press, 2001)

‡Klein, Discovering Donald Ross: The Architect and His Golf Courses (Sleeping Bear Press, rev. ed., 2001)

‡Dunn & Dunn, Great Donald Ross Golf Courses You Can Play (Derrydale, 2001)

‡Fay et al., Golf as it was Meant to be Played: A Clebration of Donald Ross' Vision of the Game (Universe Publications, 2000)

‡Ross, Golf Has Never Failed Me : The Lost Commentaries of Legendary Golf Architect Donald J. Ross (Sleeping Bear Press, 1996)

‡Fazio, Golf Course Designs (Harry N. Abrams, 2000)

‡Wexler, The Missing Links : America's Greatest Lost Golf Courses & Holes (Ann Arbor Press, 2000)

‡Hunter, The Links (Sleeping Bear Press, 1999)

‡Shackelford, Alister MacKenzie's Cypress Point Club (Sleeping Bear Press, 2000)

‡Cornish & Whitten, The Architects of Golf : A Survey of Golf Course Design from Its Beginnings to the Present, With an Encyclopedic Listing of Golf Architects and Their (OOP)

‡Jones et al., Golf's Magnificent Challenge (OOP)

‡Klein, Rough Meditations (Sleeping Bear Press, 1997)

‡Jarrett, Golf Course and Grounds : Irrigation and Drainage (OOP)

‡Hawtree, The Golf Course : Planning, Design, Construction, and Maintenance (OOP)

‡Hawtree, Colt & co. : golf course architects : a biographical study of Henry Shapland Colt, 1869-1951, with his partners C.H. Alison, J.S.F. Morrison, and Dr. A. Mackenzie (OOP)

Meetings & Conventions: Personal Bests.(golf course design) Author/s: Chris Duthie Issue: July, 2001 Three prolific golf-course architects share their favorite resort layouts to date (Fazio, Dye, Weiskopf)

Golf Digest: The one-legged Scottish banker.(designer of the Southern Hills golf course in Tulsa, Oklahoma)(Brief Article) Author/s: Ron Whitten Issue: June, 2001

Golf Digest: Laboring to fulfill a dream.(William Powell labored fifty years to complete only golf course designed, built, and owned by an African-American)(Interview) Author/s: Dave Kindred Issue: July, 2001

Golf Digest: Leader of the club: Tom Fazio creates great golf courses and great programs for children.(Interview) Author/s: Nick Seitz Issue: May, 2001

Golf Digest: Now Playing ... : Mike Strantz's Tot Hill: A real teeter-totter.(Tot Hill Farm Golf Club)(Brief Article) Author/s: Ron Whitten Issue: Jan, 2001

Golf Digest: America's best new courses : The year 2000 brought beauty in seclusion.(golf courses) Author/s: Ron Whitten Issue: Jan, 2001

Golf Digest: Ultimate backyards -- It's golf's biggest fantasy: A course of one's owns.(Brief Article) Author/s: Ron Whitten Issue: Oct, 2000

Golf Digest: Stiff upper lips.(Ben Crenshaw and designer Bill Coore got carried away with the high, inward-slanting vertical lips on the bunckers at the South Course of Talking Stick Golf Club in Scottsdale, Arizona) Author/s: Ron Whitten Issue: August,

Golf Digest: Tribute: Robert Trent Jones' ace of a story.(Brief Article)(Obituary) Author/s: Ron Whitten Issue: Sept, 2000 Golf design's ace showman

California Fairways: GC Design Taught at Remodeling University. Issue: Jan, 2000

Golf Digest: Planet golf.(golf history) Issue: June, 1999

Golf Digest: 10 keys to greatness.(golf courses)(Brief Article)

Author/s: Ron Whitten Issue: May, 1999 What's so special about America's 100 Greatest? Here are the essential ingredients

Golf Digest: Best New Canadian: Thomas McBroom's Bell Bay leads way. Issue: Dec, 1998

Golf Digest: Man of mystery.(Donald J. Ross ) Issue: June, 1999

CNNSI.com - Golf Plus - This Old Course Archive - Bobby Weed and the Renovation of the UFL Golf Course in Gainesville

Design

Turfgrass Trends, Golf Course Design articles

†Nugent - Why has golf course design changed? History, Great Britain, USA.

†Veron - So you want to rebuild your greens: a step-by-step survival guide

Golfdom, Geoff Shackelford, Designs on Golf: The Sad Death of Interesting Greens

Construction and Management of Putting Greens

†Baston - A panel discussion: A critical look at contemporary golf course architecture

†Graves - Some recent and unusual experiences in golf course design.

†Wadsworth - Building greens today.

†Moore - Building greens the wrong way is not right.

†Latham - Putting green construction: interpreting physical soil test data

†McCarty - Putting green construction for Florida courses.

†Neal - Building greens the right way--it's easier than you think!

†Vermeulen - The best choice may not always be your favorite.

†Kennedy - Washed sod: viable alternative in greens construction.

Engineering Characteristics of Putting Greens

Computer Imaging for Changes

Breakfast Hill Golf Club - Course Construction

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Environmental Impact of Golf

Green Design for Golf Fun

Design for Speed of Play

Design for Affordability

Building And Maintaining The Truly Affordable Golf Course by James Francis Moore, Director, Construction Education Program The do's and don'ts of affordable golf.

Design for California Heat

Architects & Builders

LINKS / LISTS

ASGCA Full Membership List

European Institute Of Golf Course Architects

Society of Australian Golf Course Architects

GCBAA Charter Members

GCBAA Certified Builders

GCBAA Builders

GCBAA Associate Builders

GCBAA Associates

GCBAA International

Architects - golfcourse.com

Builders - golfcourse.com

GolfClubAtlas - Courses by Architect

Yahoo! Golf Course Designers

GCM - Links - Course Construction & Management

Golf Course News: Management Co. List

Florida Golf Magazine Golf Links: Golf Cour Designers

Asiagolf.com - Golf Course Designers Links

Architects at GolfProHelp.com

Golf Property Directory - Golf Course Design

Construction at GolfProHelp.com

Golf Bytes Golf Links - Construction & Design

GOLFonline -- Architect Profiles

WEBSITES

ACAGOLF.COM!

Agronomic Systems Design Group, Inc.

Allen Build NW

Gary Alliss Course Design

William W. Amick Golf Course Architect

Scott Antes Golf Course Design

Armstrong Golf Architects, LLC - Marvin Armstrong

Atlantic Golf Group

BARBARON INC, Golf Course Construction

Reed H. Berlinsky, Inc.

Bill Barnett Golf Architect and Designer

Cary Bickler Inc. GOLF COURSE DESIGN

BHR, Inc. - Engineers, Planners, Landscape Architects

BMR Golf

Booth Golf Design - William Bradley Booth

Braemar Golf Developments

Bruce Company of Wisconsin, Inc.

Bruce Devlin Golf Course Designer

Burns Golf Design

Camarata Consulting

Carr Golf Services - Course Design & Management - Joe Carr, Ron

Tim N. Cate Designs, Inc.

Club Development Properties

Coore & Crenshaw

Cornish, Silva and Mungeam

Couples Bates Golf Design

Course Crafters - Golf Course Renovation Specialists

Course Doctors

Crenshaw Golf

Cypress Ridge

Daylen Inc. Golf Course Construction

DeVries Designs, Inc.

Dragon Golf

Duininck Brothers Golf

Dye Designs - Golf Course Architects

Eagle Golf

Earth Force

Eastern Golf Corporation

Eco Systems Design Inc. Golf Course Design

Edsall Golf Group

eGroup Inc.

EMK Consultants of Florida - Golf Course Design

Empire Golf USA

James J. Engh Golf Design Group, Inc.

Environmental Golf

European Golf Design

European Institute Of Golf Course Architects

Evans Golf Course Construction

Faldo Design

FAZIO

FINGER DYE SPANN, INC.

Flatt Golf Services, Inc.

RayFloyd.com Home

Fore Inc.

Formost Construction- Golf Course Construction

Fream & Dale GolfPlan - Golf Course Architecture

Gaunt & Marnoch Golf Course Architects and Designers

George Golf Design, Inc - Lester George

David Gill/Steven Halberg Limited

Golf Development

Golf Course reDesign

Golf Course Capital Partners

Golf Course Consultants, Inc.

Golf Investment Advisors

Golf Management, Inc.

Golf Research Group - International Golf Consultants

Golfotels Design Services

GolfScapers' design services

William H. Gordon Associates

Graham Marsh Golf Design

Grantham Golf Contruction

Great White Shark Enterprises

Greens,Tees and Things

Greenscape Design

Gregori International

David Griffith Golf: Golf Course Architect

R.J. Griffin and Company - General Contractors

Hamilton-Smith Design & Construction

Hall-Irwin

Raymond Hearn Golf Designs

David Hemstock Associates - Golf Course Design

Arthur Hills - Steve Forrest

David Hemstock Associates - Golf Course Design

Heritage Links, LLC

Hollembeak Construction Inc

Holmes & Company

Horizon Golf – Water Feature and Specialty Co

Jeff Howes Golf Design

HNTB, Architects, Engineers

Hunter Golf

Hurdzan-Fry

IMG Areas of Business - Golf Course Design

Instangreen Corporation Berhad - Golf Course Design

Hale Irwin Design (coming soon)

Jackson Golf Inc.

Jacobsen Hardy Golf Course Design

JC Golf

JMP Golf DesignGroup

Tom Johnson Design

Clyde Johnston Designs, Inc.

Mike Jones' golf course design

Rees Jones, Inc. - Golf Course Design

Robert Trent Jones II

Kelly Blake Moran Golf Course Architect

Gary Kern

Ron Kern Golf Design Group

KeyTurf.com

Knott Brooks & Linn

LA Links

Lancaster Sands

LANCO Slit Drainage, sportsturf and golf course construction

LANDSCAPESUNLIMITED.com.

Robert Laycock - Turf Consultant. Golf agronomist

Robert LeBlanc & Associates Golf Architects

LESCO

George E. Ley Co.; golf course irrigation

Lighthouse Golf Group

Lim Golf Design

Lohmann Golf Designs

MacCurrach Golf Construction

Richard Mandell Golf Architecture

Dan Maples Design

Martin Design Partnership

Matthews & Nelhiebel: Architects of Land & Golf Courses

Maxwell Golf

Golf Course Architect Thomas McBroom

McCumber Golf

McCubbin Construction

Jeff McDowell - Five Step Golf Course Design Process

Medallion Golf Management

Johnny Miller Design, Ltd. - Golf Course Design

Moeckel Carbonell Associates Inc.

Jay Morrish & Associates, LTD.

Desmond Muirhead - Golf Course Design

Greg Nash Design

Larry Nelson

Nelson and Haworth Golf Course Architects

Newgent Golf Inc.

John Nicholson Associates Golf Services

Nicklaus.Com (Golden Bear)

Niebur Golf, Inc. Golf Course Construction

Greg Norman Interactive

Medallist Golf Developments - Greg Norman Golf Course Design

Northeast Golf Company

Northern Clearing

Northern Golf Development

OlazabalGolf.com - Course Design

OldCourse Design

Olson Beatty Hnatiuk: OBH Golf Design & Construction

Palmer Course Design Co.

Gary Panks - golf course design

Jerry Pate Turf Supply

Peacock & Lewis AIA

Pearson Golf Design

Pennick-Arrimour Golf

Jeremy Pern, Architect

Persimmon Golf; Project and Construction Management

PGA Golf Management

Pinnacle Design

Pittman Poe

Kyle Phillips Golf Course Design

Gary Player.com

J. Michael Poellot Design Group - JMP

Quality Golf

Quality Grassing and Services, Inc.

Ranger Golf Course Construction

Randall & Blake, Inc.

RBA Group - Golf Course Design & Development

Tony S. Ristola

Steve Ritson Golf Course Architect

Robbins and Associates - Golf Course Design

Larry Rodgers Design Group

Chi Chi Rodriguez - Golf Course Design

Ryan Incorporated Central

SAJO Golf - Golf Course Construction

Sandy Lyle / Strategic Golf Design

Sanford Golf Design

Craig Schreiner Golf Course Architects

Scratch Golf

Serafin Golf Course Design, Inc.

Shapemasters

Bob Shearer Golf Course Design

Shearon Environmental Design

Shearon Golf

Rick Smith Golf Course Design

S.O.L. Golf Course Construction Ltd.

Jim Spencer Golf Course Shaping & Construction

David Stansfield Ltd

Sunshine Design

Swan Golf Design

Tanner Consulting Group

Target Products Ltd.

TDI INTERNATIONAL

Teague Nall & Perkins, Inc. - Golf Course Design

Dave Thomas Golf Course Design

Thompson Golf Planning

Thomson, Wolveridge & Perrett: Golf Course Design

The Tillinghast Association

Total Golf Construction

Troon Golf

T.A. Turner Construction Services, Inc.

von Hagge, Smelek and Baril

Yuhas Land Design

Wadsworth Golf Course Construction

Weed Golf Course Design

D.A. Weibring Design

Weiskopf & Morrish Design

Weitz Golf

DW Golf Course Design - David White

Whitnell Contracts and Plant

James Wilcher's golfbydesign

Williams, Gill & Associates Golf Course Architects

Wingfield Springs Golf

Wolverine Golf Contractors

Ken W. Zitz & Associates - Golf Course Design

William Zmistowski Assocs. - Club Interiors

Fuzzy Zoeller Golf Course Design

 
USGA Greens

USGA Recommendations For A Method Of Putting Green Construction by the USGA Green Section Staff

USGA History of USGA Greens

USGA GR: Revising the USGA's Recommendations for a Method of Putting Green Construction (May 2004)

USGA GR (Mar 1993): USGA Recommendations for a Method of Putting Green Construction

USGA GR (Mar 1993): Snow - The Whys and Hows of Revising the USGA Green Construction Recommendations

USGA GR (Mar 1993): Hummel - Rationale for the Revisions of the USGA Green Construction Specifications

USGA GR (Nov 1993): Gaines - Investigating the Options in the New USGA Green Construction Recommendations

Golfdom, USGA Updates Putting Green Construction Recommendations (Apr 2004)

USGA GR: Agronomic and Engineering Properties of USGA Putting Greens (Mar 2004)

USGA Quality Control Sampling of Sand and Rootzone Mixture Stockpiles

USGA Guidelines for Establishing Quality Control Tolerances

USGA Physical Soil Testing Laboratories

USGA Quality Control Guidelines: A Quality Control Checklist for Successful Greens Reconstruction

USGA Determining the Need for Reconstruction

USGA Helping Your Greens Make the Grade - A Report Card

USGA ASTM Procedures Required for Testing Putting Green Materials

USGA Troubleshooting Checklist for new USGA Greens

USGA Research Summaries For: The Construction and Maintenance of Greens

Building a USGA Green (video)

USGA Construction Education Program

Construction Education Program - USGA Greens

USGA - Refining the Green Section specifications for putting green construction. (1973)

USGA Greens Failures

USGA Greens Stand Up

USGA green construction options

USGA GR (May 2003): Superintendents' New and Critical Role in Putting Green Construction

USGA GR (Jan 2001): Unlocking the Mysteries: Interpreting a Soil Nutrient Test for Sand-Based Greens

A Troubleshooting Checklist for New USGA Greens by JAMES FRANCIS MOORE Director, Mid-Continent Region, USGA Green Section

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Bacterial Populations and Diversity within New USGA Putting Greens University of Florida, Clemson University, and Auburn University

The Whys and Hows of Revising the USGA Green Construction Recommendations by JAMES T. SNOW, National Director, USGA Green Section

†Hummel - Rationale for the revisions of the USGA green construction specifications.

†Bloodworth - A new look at the Texas-USGA specifications for root-zone modification.

†Snow - USGA explains its new greens specifications.

†Brown - Phosphorus retention in United States Golf Association greens.

†Brown - Physical requirements for golf green construction by USGA specifications.

†Zontek - When is a USGA spec green not a USGA spec green?.

†Gaines - Investigating the options in the new USGA green construction recommendations.

The History of USGA Greens Thirty Years of Green Section Greens by JAMES M. LATHAM USGA Green Section (ret.)

†McLean - USGA greens--on a limited budget.

†Hummel - News and views on the USGA specifications.

California Greens

TurfComms - California vs USGA Greens

USGA vs California Greens

†Harivandi - Golf green construction a review of the UC method.

California Fairways - May/Jun 99 - Greens Construction California Style by Bob Costa

California Greens

California Greens

Hurdzan on California Greens

†Davis - The sand putting green: construction and management. (U Cal CES Pub 21448 - California Sand Greens)

Sand Greens

†Snow - All things considered: Why not pure sand greens?

Q&A about Sand Greens

Australian Desert Sand Green

Backyard Greens

Leo Melanson's Backyard Putting Green Construction Manual

†Denneberger - Back yard putting greens: dreams or nightmares?

Backyard Putting Green

Purdue: Building a Backyard Putting Green

Golf Digest: Ultimate backyards -- It's golf's biggest fantasy: A course of one's owns.(Brief Article) Author/s: Ron Whitten Issue: Oct, 2000

Green Surrounds

Renovating Green Surrounds

USGA GR (Mar 1995) Surround your greens with quality

†Oatis - Choosing the best approach: don't bump the "bump and run."

†Witt - One solution for second-rate surrounds.

Construction

Golf Course Builders Association of America

GCBAA Members Links

Golf Construction News

Earth Shaping News Archives - GCBAA Newsletter

ASGCA Handbook - Remodeling Your Golf Course

ASGCA Handbook - Tips for Municipalities

ASGCA Handbook - Tips for Real Estate Development

ASGCA Handbook - New Development Steps

ASGCA Handbook - Forbes.com: Welcome To Club Me

ASGCA Remodeling University

USGA Construction Education Program - Resource Books

1999 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Program - Research summaries - Course Construction Practices

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Program - Research summaries - Course Construction Practices

Building And Maintaining The Truly Affordable Golf Course by James Francis Moore, Director, Construction Education Program The do's and don'ts of affordable golf.

Contemporary Golf Course Architecture - Saga or Satire? first published in the Green Section RECORD, March/April 1989 by Frank Hannigan, Former Senior Executive Director, United States Golf Association

USGA Where Does Peat Come From Anyway?

USGA GR (May 2003): Superintendents' New and Critical Role in Putting Green Construction

USGA GR (Nov 2003): The Birth of a Putting Green: A Turf Manager's Guide for Establishing a New Putting Green

USGA GR (Jul 1993): A Quality Control Checklist for Successful Greens Construction

MSU Green Construction & Maintenance

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Engineering Characteristics and Maintenance of Golf Putting Greens Michigan State University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Evaluation of New Technologies in Construction and Maintenance of Golf Course Greens North Carolina State University

‡White, Turf Manager's Handbook for Golf Course Construction, Renovation and Grow-in (Ann Arbor Press, 2000)

California Fairways - Nov/Dec 97 - Saving Construction Costs without Cutting Quality By Michael J. Hurdzan

California Fairways - May/Jun 2000 - Starting From Scratch Construction of a New Course: The PGA of Southern Calif. GC By Vanessa Rangel

California Fairways - May/Jun 2000 - Greens Construction: The Next Generation By Sam Stimmel

†McCarty - Putting green construction for Florida courses.

Turf Manager's Handbook for Golf Course Construction, Renovation and Grow-in

Rebuilding the Muni at Downey CA

Adding Nine, Cheap

†Gilhuly - Getting your green back without greenbacks.

Getting Your Green Back Without Greenbacks

GCSAA - GCM x 2001 -- Golf returns to Vietnam

Cal Poly Golf Course: FAQ

Renovation

Remodel, Renovate, Restore

USGA Green Record, Rebuild or Resurface (Jan 2006)

ASGCA Remodeling University

USGA GR: Making a Change: The Why, When, and How to's of Regrassing Bermudagrass Greens (Jan 2003)

USGA GR (Mar 2003): Putting Green Regrassing and So Much More

Nelson - Sew it seams: old parts can become useful tools for sodding putting greens.

Golfdom, Time to kill that turf -- regrassing old greens

USGA GR: Renovation at Rolling Hills (Sep 2005)

USGA GR: Complete Reconstruction or Partial Renovation: How Should You Invest Your Money? (May 2004)

USGA GR (Mar 2003): Now You See It, Now You Don't: Golf Courses Change Imperceptibly Over Time. Many Subtle Changes Directly Impact Play

USGA GR (Jul 2003): Donate Your Greens: Use Your Golf Course as a Research Test Plot Prior to Renovation

USGA GR (Sep 2003): Recontouring a Golf Green Without Total Reconstruction: Two Case Studies on How to Change Severely Sloped Greens

USGA GR (Nov 2003): Great Expectations: Face-Lift or Letdown: Help Golfers Develop Fair Expectations for Successful Golf Course Renovations

USGA GR (Sep 1997): So, You Want to Renovate Your Golf Course?

Rebuild or Resurface: Greens Must Be Rebuilt Every 15 to 20 Years, Even Those of USGA Method Construction - Or Do They? (Jan/Feb 2006)

USGA GR (Jul 1993): Biting the Bullet: Greens Complex Reconstruction at the Country Club of Virginia

Green Renovation Case Study #1 by Paul Campbell, Superintendent - Cottonwood Creek Golf Course and James Francis Moore, USGA Green Section, Construction Education Program Submitted February 13, 1998

Quality Control Guidelines A Quality Control Checklist for Successful Greens Reconstruction by JAMES FRANCIS MOORE Director, Construction Education Program, USGA Green Section

USGA Avoiding the Hazards of Golf Course Renovation

Determining the Need for Reconstruction Do the greens need to be rebuilt? by James Francis Moore, Director Construction Education Program Section

USGA So, You Want to Renovate Your Golf Course?

Avoiding the Hazards of Golf Course Renovation by George B. Manuel, Superintendent, Pine Forest Country Club, Houston, Texas

Remodeling Your Golf Course Shoddy Green Construction

Greens Renovation

California Fairways - May/Jun 99 -The Best of Both Worlds for David Davies - Rebuilding the Palo Alto, CA, Muni

California Fairways - May/Jun 96 - Sharing the Magic of Almaden, by Jim Williams

‡White, Turf Manager's Handbook for Golf Course Construction, Renovation and Grow-in (Ann Arbor Press, 2000)

†Shoulders - Historical prospective [sic] on modified greens.

†Robinson - Prescriptions for the old green syndrome.

†Radko - Pitfalls of renovation.

†Jarrett - Rebuilding a municipal golf course--is it worth it?

†Skorulski - Restoring the past. A look at green restoration techniques.

†Oatis - So, you want to renovate your golf course?

USGA GR (Jan 1993): Veron - So you want to rebuild your greens': a step-by-step survival guide.

†Moore - A quality control checklist for successful greens reconstruction.

†Hess - Biting the bullet: greens complex reconstruction at the Country Club of Virginia.

The Rebirth of Firestone Country Club

Drainage

See also Irrigation

ASIC: American Society of Irrigation Consultants

Florida Irrigation Society

Irrigation Association

Charles Ankrom Interview - Drainage

Irrigation Association

Irrigation & Green Industry

Guide to Golf Course Irrigation System Design and Drainage

Greens Irrigation Design

Turgeon - Sprinkler Systems

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(7) - Designing a Subsoil Drainage System

Irrigation System A Unique Irrigation Project in New York Delivers Water to 4 Golf Courses By Gary Caparelli, CIC CLIA Project Supervisor

Armour Golf course irrigation sprinkler system design

‡Practical Drainage: Golf, Sportsturf and Horticulture

GCSAA Green Drainage InfoPack

Criteria for sportsturf drainage aggregates

Hurdzan on Green Flatpipe Drainage

Hurdzan Flatpipe Drains at Whispering Pines

ADS Flatpipe Drainage

Turfnotes - AdvanEDGE has twice the drainage

†O'Brien - A supplemental irrigation system for putting greens.

†Huck - Irrigation design, rocket science, and the SPACE program.

Subsurface Green Drainage

Drainage Installation

Sand & Gravel

†Brame - The coarse sand layer--a look at installation.

Sand -- the building block

SandFinder - search for sand, gravel, peat,

Root Zone Sand Survey

ASTM Procedures Required for Testing Putting Green Materials by James Francis Moore, Director Construction Education Program

Guidelines for Establishing Quality Control Tolerances A critical component of putting green construction is the production of the rootzone material.

Physical Soil Testing Laboratories

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Chemical and Physical Stability of Calcareous Sands Used for Putting Green Construction Washington State University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Using Cubical Triaxial Testing for Determining the Bulk Mechanical Behavior of Sand for Rootzone Mixtures Penn State University

†White - Sand--the building block Soil compaction, turfgrass, golf course.

†Brown - The necessity of the two-inch sand layer in greens construction.

†Brown - The influence of the sand layer on available water retention in a golf green.

†Ansett - Green construction: the right materials mixed right Soil mixtures used for golf greens.

U California Sand Specs

M Collins & Sons

Criteria for sportsturf drainage aggregates

†Murdoch - Physical properties of Hawaiian golf course sands.

Defining Sportsturf Sands

Geotextile Layer in USGA Greens

Santa Cruz Golf Course Sand

The agronomics of sand in green construction

†Hurdzan - Do away with the gravel blanket.

†Spomer - Principles of soil preparation for drained golf greens.