Seasons

General
Spring Green-up
Summer Stress
Summer Poa Dieoff
Root Dieback
Overseeding
Late Fall
Frost & Cold Injury

Winter Protection
Winter Recovery
Overseed Removal

General

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Seasonal Activity of turfgrass pathogens

Spring Green-up

Purdue TURF TIP 3/26/04 Dormant Sand Topdressing. Does it help Creeping Bentgrass Spring Green-up?

Purdue TURF TIP 3/11/04 Timing of Preemergence Herbicides

Purdue TURF TIP 3/25/05 Timing of Preemergence Herbicides

Johnson - Effects of pronamide on spring transition of a bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) green overseeded with perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne).

Lucas - Spring deadspot of Bermuda grass.

†Kozelnicky - Spring dead spot on bermudagrass updating 20 years of research: Spring dead spot on bermudagrass.

†Sayed - Spring dead spot disease of Bermudagrass and its control.

†Hawkes - Spring dead spot of 'Tifdwarf' turf in South Australia.

†Endo - Spring dead spot: a destructive disease of bermudagrass new to California.

†Dernoeden - Spring dead spot and bermudagrass quality as influenced by nitrogen source and potassium.

†Karlik - Spring dead spot management alternatives.

†McCarty - Spring dead spot occurrence in bermudagrass following fungicide and nutrient applications.

†Martin - Spring dead spot resistance and quality of seeded bermudagrasses under different mowing heights.

Nematodes, Bermudagrass & Spring-applied Herbicides

Summer Stress

Summer Stress Study - UW Turfgrass Pathology Research

USGA GR: Lessons Learned on Putting Greens During the Summer of 2005 (Mar 2006)

USGA GR (May 2006): Buffalo-Blow Your H2O: A Leaf Blower and Misting System can be an Effective Way to Help Greens Survive a Hot Summer

USGA GR (Jul 2002): Getting to the Root of Summer Bentgrass Decline

USGA GR (Mar 1999): Survival Tools for the Putting Green

USGA GR (Nov 1999): Ten Techniques to Try When Greens Nearly Die

USGA GR (Jul 1998): "Where Do My Roots Go In August?"

Golfdom, Root mass decline over summer stress

Lessons Learned on Putting Greens During the Summer of 2005 (Mar/Apr 2006)

Summer Bentgrass Stress

Drought Monitor

Purdue Turf Tip 7/22/03: Summer Putting Green Cultivation

Managing Greens Under Stress by Stanley J. Zontek Director, Mid-Atlantic Region, USGA Green Section

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(6) - Cultural Approaches to Alleviating Summer Stress and Disease on Bentgrass Putting Greens

Hartwiger - Give me your poor, your tired, your dead bentgrass greens.
 
 

Vavrek - Ten techniques to try when greens nearly die.

Code Blue for Dying Greens

Metro - Golf - Grass Doctor

Vermeulen - Are your greens running a fever?

Summer Bentgrass Stress

Creeping Bentgrass Management: Summer Stresses, Weeds and other Maladies

Summer Mow Height & Health

Summer Greens Stress Mgmt.

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Research summary - The Importance of Carbon Balance and Root Activity in Creeping Bentgrass Tolerance to Summer Stresses Kansas State University

Huang - Burning the candle at both ends.

Evaluations of Creeping Bentgrass Cultivars in a Heat Stress Environment - Part I

Evaluations of Creeping Bentgrass Cultivars in a Heat Stress Environment Part II

Summer Turf Diseases in Illionois

Research Mowing Heights During the Summer

Summer Turf Diseases in Illinois

Bentgrass Summer Root Dieback

Considerations for Management of Bentgrass Diseases in the Summer

Summer Poa Dieoff

Sudden Death of Poa annua, Poa trivialis

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(6) - Sudden Death of Poa annua, Poa trivialis
 

Yellowing Poa annua on Golf Courses

Purdue TURF TIP 6/24/04 Finicky Poa annua Yellowing and Thinning on Greens

Purdue TURF TIP 6/18/04 Summer stress of Poa annua and Poa trivialis in Lawns and Sports Fields

 
Purdue TURF TIP 7/7/05 Overseeding creeping bentgrass into thinning Poa annua
Root Dieback

DiPaola - Spring root dieback of warm-season turfgrasses.
 
†DiPaola - Spring root loss of warm season turfs.

Zontek - Where do my roots go in August?

Overseeding

Dudeck - Overseeding trials on fairway and putting green bermudagrasses.

Overseeding Warm-season Greens

Turgeon - Exploring the Ryes
 
Turgeon - Perennial Ryegrass
 
Turgeon - Annual Ryegrass
 
Purdue TURF TIP 7/7/05 Overseeding creeping bentgrass into thinning Poa annua

Anderson - Overseed trials on fairway and putting green bermudagrasses. (1995).

Anderson - Overseed trials on fairway and putting green bermudagrass. (2000).

Anderson - An evaluation of cool-season turfgrasses for overseeding fairway and putting green bermudagrass.

Turfgrass Putting Green Overseeding Trials 1998-1999

Ryegrass Overseed on Greens

Menn - An evaluation of various cool-season grasses and grass mixtures in overseeding a Tifgreen Bermudagrass golf green.

†Duble - An evaluation of various cool-season grass mixtures in overseeding a tifgreen-tifdwarf bermudagrass putting green.

Dudeck - Winter overseeding trials on fairway and putting green bermudagrasses.

Moncrief - Overseeding bermudagrass greens.

†Duble - Overseeding Bermudagrass golf greens with cool-season grasses.

Silva - Overseeding bentgrass greens--is it worth it for the golf course?

†Nelson - Overseeding bentgrass greens.

Anderson - 1995-1996 winter overseeding trials on fairway and putting green bermadagrass.

Anderson - Overseed trials on fairway and putting green bermudagrass. (1995).

Anderson - Overseed trials on fairway and putting green bermudagrass. (2000).

†Anderson - 1996-1997 overseed trials on fairway and putting green bermudagrass.

 

Late Fall

Effects of nitrogen fertilizer in fall

Taylor - Late Fall Topdressing - U Wisconsin

Purdue TURF TIP 9/23/05 September is a Crucial for Fertilizing All Cool-Season Turfs

Frost & Cold

Frost Delays & Greens - GCSAA

Playing Par with Jack Frost By Charles B. White Director, Southeastern Region, USGA Green Section

Kenna - More transition zone blues. (cold injury)
 
Winter Protection

Snow - Grass Roots TOO HOT TO HANDLE (winter play)

Golfdom, Winter damage heavy in Northeast (May 2004)

Harris - Winter killer!

Pasture Golf - Winter Golf Fare for the Hardy

USGA GR: Winter Damage: Control the Variables that can Minimize the Potential for Winter Turf Loss (Nov 2004)

USGA GR (Nov 1997): Exploring the Use of Plant Growth Regulators to Reduce Winter Injury on Annual Bluegrass(Poa annua L)

USGA GR (Jan 1996): Recipe for Rapid Recovery from Winter Injury

USGA GR (Mar 1995): Winter Kill!

USGA GR (Nov 1994): Recovery for Winter-Injured Greens

Politics, Religion, and Winter Play on Greens By James T. Snow Director, Northeastern Region, USGA Green Section

Drawing The Line on Winter Play Marking fairways with borderlines of dye helps define fairways for "winter rules." by James F Moore

Moraghan - Ice and snow.

Snow - Putting greens: dealing with snow and ice accumulations.

Skorulski - Covering up for winter.

Vavrek - Have an "ice" day.

Vavrek - Excelsior green covers.

Skorulski - Winter covers: Are they for you?

Bluegrass Greens in Winter

Winter Green Cover

Dionne - Golf green soil and crown-level temperatures under winter protective covers.

¶Dionne - Golf green soil and crown-level temperatures under winter protective covers

Winter Recovery

April 10, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - Bent winter recovery

 
Recipe for Rapid Recovery from Winter Injury What to do if you have only 40 days to get the course ready for a championship. by EARL SHAFER, KEITH SNYDER, and STANLEY ZONTEK
Shafer - Recipe for rapid recovery from winter injury.

Snow - Promoting recovery from winter injury.

¶Tompkins - Dehardening of Annual Bluegrass and Creeping Bentgrass during Late Winter and Early Spring

Skorulski - Recovery for winter-injured greens.

Overseed Removal

Horgan - Removal of perennial ryegrass from overseeded bermudagrass using cultural methods.

¶Horgan - Removal of Perennial Ryegrass from Overseeded Bermudagrass Using Cultural Methods

Removing Ryegrass Overseed