Trouble

Turfgrass Research

Weeds

Pests

Diseases

Severe Weather

Turfgrass Research

Research for Pests, Weeds, Diseases:

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2007

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2006

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2005

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2004

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2003

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2002

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2001

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2000

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 1999

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 1998

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 1997

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 1996

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 1995

USGA Turfgrass Research 1994

USGA Turfgrass Research 1993

USGA Turfgrass Research Program 1992-1993

USGA Environmental Research 1992

USGA Turfgrass Research Program 1991

USGA Environmental Research Program 1991

USGA Turfgrass Research 1990

1989 USGA Turfgrass Research Program

1988 USGA Turfgrass Research Program

1987 USGA Turfgrass Research Program

1986 USGA Turfgrass Research Program

1985 USGA Turfgrass Research Program

1984 USGA Research Program

1983 USGA Research Program

1977 USGA Research Program

USGA GR: Does This Stuff Work or Not?: An Experimental Green in Waco, Texas, May Help Answer the Question (Product testing and evaluation) (May 2006)

Invasive Weeds

Weeds in General
Poa annua
Bermudagrass
Goosegrass
Kikuyugrass
Herbicides

Weeds in General

Turfgrass Trends, Weed Control articles

Turfgrass Trends, Crabgrass articles

‡Color Atlas of Turfgrass Weeds

‡Turfgrass weed control books

Rutgers Weed Index

Weed Drawings - UMass Turf Program

‡Weeds of Southern Turfgrasses (IFAS)

Duble - Weed Control in Turf

UFL Weed Management Guide

G91-1045; Turfgrass Weed Prevention and Management (Nebraska)

‡Turgeon, Turf Weeds and Their Control (ASA 1994)

Creeping Bentgrass is a Weed in Golf Rough

Weed Identication and Control in Southern Turf

Weed Control in Bentgrass and Bermudagrass Putting Greens

Does Vertical Mowing Encourage Emergence of Weeds in Bermudagrass Turf ?

Poa annua

Poa annua in Pacific Nw

Poa annua at Glencoe

Golfdom, Seedheads plague Northwest courses: controlling Poa annua seedheads

Purdue TURF TIP 9/30/03 Poa annua control and late aerification on golf courses

Purdue TURF TIP 6/24/04 Finicky Poa annua Yellowing and Thinning on Greens

Purdue TURF TIP 6/18/04 Summer stress of Poa annua and Poa trivialis in Lawns and Sports Fields

Purdue TURF TIP 4/25/04 Poa annua, Poa trivialis in Lawns and Athletic Fields

Purdue TURF TIP 7/29/05 Summer stress of Poa annua, Poa trivialis on Golf Courses

Goss - Poa annua it won't go away!

California Fairways - Jan/Feb 99 - RESEARCH Poa annua invasion of bentgrass greens The role of bentgrass quality by: Larry J. Stowell, Ph.D.; Roger Yenny, CGCS; Ali Harivandi, Ph.D.

TurfFax Jul-Aug 1999 - Poa terminology

Diseases in Poa annua

Reducing Poa annua in Bentgrass Greens with Paclobutrazol

Sweeney - RAPD characterization of Poa annua L. populations in golf course greens and fairways.

Johnson - Suppression of a perennial subspecies of annual bluegrass (Poa annua spp. reptans) in a creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) green with plant growth regulators.

Poa annua in Bentgrass Greens

Let mother fix it! Author(s): Oatis, D.A. Found In: USGA Green Section record. U S G A Green Sect Rec May/June 1992. v. 30 (3) p. 18

Poa Trivialis - Friend or Foe?

USGA GR (Jul 1998): Poa Trivialis Contamination

Zontek - The continuing saga of Poa annua.

Engel - The problems of puffiness in putting greens Bentgrass, Poa annua.

Poa annua varieties

Poa annua varieties

Poa Trivialis (rough bluegrass)

Managing Invasive Poa annua

Post Emergence Control of Perennial Biotype Poa annua in Bentgrass Greens

Huff - For richer, for Poa.

Yellowing Poa annua on Golf Courses

Sudden Death of Poa annua, Poa trivialis

Sudden Death of Poa annua, Poa trivialis

Sudden Death of Poa annua, Poa trivialis

Seedheads on Golf Courses

Seedheads on Golf Courses

Poa Seed Contamination

Poa annua Seedheads on Greens

Bermudagrass

Hatwiger - Battling the bermudagrass blitz. (weed control)

Bermudagrass encroachment

USGA GR (Jan 1997): KTURF: a Pesticide and Nitrogen Leaching Model 10 Battling the Bermudagrass Blitz

Zontek - Post-emergence crabgrass and goosegrass control: practical IPM.

†Batten - Post-emergence crabgrass (Digitaria sanguanalis) control studies in bermudagrass and St. Augustinegrass.

Whitwell - Bermudagrass encroachment in creeping bentgrass green.

Bermudagrass Encroachment into Creeping Bentgrass Greens

Johnson - Encroachment of bermudagrass into bentgrass greens.

†Johnson - Bermudagrass encroachment into creeping bentgrass as affected by herbicides and plant growth regulators.

Goosegrass

McCarty - Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) control in bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.) turf with diclofop.

Broadway - Golf green goosegrass.

†Johnson - Goosegrass control on golf courses.

†Johnson - Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) control in bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) turf.

†Bingham - Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) control during bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) establishment.

†Bingham - Goosegrass control bermudagrasses.

†Murdoch - Goosegrass control in bermudagrass turf with combination of MSMA and s-triazines.

Moncrief - Goosegrass.

Kikuyugrass
Turgeon - Exploring the Panicoids
 
Turgeon - Kikuyugrass

Kikuyuygrass - Cal Turfgrass Culture

Southern Cal's Kikuyugrass

USGA GR (Jul 2003): Looking Kindly at Kikuyugrass: Long Considered an Invasive Weed, This Warm-Season Grass is Managed by Many Courses as a Desirable Turf Species

Herbicides

Turfgrass Trends, Herbicide articles

USGA GR (Jan 2002): Astron Can Reduce the Level of Growth Suppression Provided by Primo MAXX in Creeping Bentgrass

USGA GR (Mar 1995): Herbicide-Resistant Creeping Bentgrass

Johnson - Herbicide approach for weeds.

Johnson - Creeping bentgrass quality following preemergence and postemergence herbicide applications.

Johnson - BermudamainFrame

grass encroachment into creeping bentgrass as affected by herbicides and plant growth regulators.

Hong - Abiotic and biotic degradation of dithiopyr in golf course greens. (herbicides)

Menn - Use of Fenarimol for selectively controlling Poa annua in an overseeded bermudagrass golf green.

Murphy - Tolerance of putting green turfgrasses to simazine in irrigation water. (weed control, herbicide)

Tolerance of Bermudagrass Greens Overseeded with Poa trivialis to Preemergence Herbicides

Lush - Adaptation and differentiation of golf course populations of annual bluegrass (Poa annua).

Duncan - Seashore paspalum herbicide management.

Seashore Paspalum Herbicides

Role of microorganisms in the persistence of fenamiphos in golf greens

Pests

General Entomology
IPM
Nematodes
Mole Crickets
Ants
Beetles
Other Bugs
Pesticides
Birds
Mammals

General Entomology

Iowa State Entomology Index of Internet Resources

University of Nebraska Department of Entomology

UFL Insect Management Guide

UFL Turfgrass Insects Sheet 1
 
UFL Turfgrass Insects Sheet 2
Turgeon - Insects
 
Entomology Libraries

‡Handbook of Turfgrass Insect Pests.  (1995).   Editors:  Rick L. Brandenburg and Michael G. Villani.  Entomological Society of America, 9301 Annapolis Road, Lanham, MD

‡Handbook of of Turfgrass Insect Pests.  (1995).   Editors:  Rick L. Brandenburg and Michael G. Villani.  Entomological Society of America, 9301 Annapolis Road, Lanham, MD

IPM / Pest Control

Integrated Pest Management in the United States - Nat'l IPM Network

Turfgrass Trends, Pest Control articles

Turfgrass Trends, Insect articles

Turfgrass Trends, Biological Control articles

PestFacts.org / RISE (Responsible Industry for Sound Environment)

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(1) - IPM Tip:

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(4) - Insect Control During Turfgrass Grow-In

Publications - UMass Turf Program - PROTOCOLS FOR AN IPM SYSTEM ON GOLF COURSES
 
Publications - UMass Turf Program - TURF IPM FACTS
 

August 22 - UMass Turf Program Update - INSECTS

July 17, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - INSECTS
 
June 25, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - INSECTS

USGA GR (Sep 2003): Innovative Management of Earthworm Castings on Golf Course Turf

USGA GR (Jan 2002): An Ill-Fated Concept?: Integrated Pest Management: Is it Viable in Today's Game?

USGA GR (May 1996): Public Panic Over Pesticides?

USGA GR (Nov 1996): Integrated Pest Management for Land Managers

 
‡IPM Handbook for Golf Courses

Database of IPM Resources (DIR)

National IPM Network North Carolina Component

NSF Center for IPM (Integrated Pest Mgmt)

IPM Institute of North America

Integrated Pest Management Strategies L. B. McCarty
 
Turfgrass Pests, General
 
UFL Turfgrass Insects Sheet 1 D.E. Short and J.L. Castner
 
UFL Turfgrass Insects Sheet 2 D.E. Short and J.L. Castner

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Integrating Biologically Based Strategies for Turfgrass Pest Management: Phase II University of Georgia

2002 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Integrating Biologically Based Strategies for Turfgrass Pest Management: Phase II University of Georgia

2001 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Evaluation of golf turf management systems with reduced chemical pesticide inputs

2002 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Evaluation of golf turf management systems with reduced chemical pesticide inputs

2003 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Evaluation of golf turf management systems with reduced chemical pesticide inputs

Foy - Integrated pest management--a different approach for the same old problems.

Pest Control for Professional Turfgrass Managers

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Reseach summary - Integrating Natural Enemies, Cultural Control, and Plant Resistance for Sustainable Management of Insect Pests on Golf Courses University of Kentucky
2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Development of Minimal Input Best Management Practices for Paspalum: Insect Resistance University of Georgia

2001 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Identification of genetic insect and mite pest resistance in turfgrasses

2002 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Identification of genetic insect and mite pest resistance in turfgrasses

California Fairways - Mar/Apr 2000 - Rid Your Course of Turfgrass Pests By Scott Williams, CGCS

UFL 2001 Turfgrass Pest Control Guide

2001 Georgia Pest Control Handbook

Peacock - IPM, monitoring, and management plans--a mandate for the future.

1995 and 1996 Turf Insect Monitoring Studies

Disease and Insect Control for Commercial Turf

Iowa State Entomology Index of Internet Resources

Turf Entomology

Clemson Turf Insect Control Articles

Nematodes

Don't Forget Nematodes

Nematology - PPIGB

Turf nematodes 1996

UFL Nematode Management Guide
 
Nematodes in the service of turf management

Report: Turf parasitic nematodes - 1997 Turfgrass Research

USGA GR: Salts Influence Nematodes in Seashore Paspalum (Jan 2005)

USGA GR: Biology and Management of Nematodes on Turfgrass in Northern California (Sep 2005)

USGA GR: New Tool for Biological Warfare on Cutworms? (Nov 2004)

USGA GR (Nov 2003): Are Alternatives to Traditional Nematicides a Real Possibility?

USGA GR (Jan 1998): An Innovative Approach to Black Cutworm Management

USGA GR (Sep 1994): Black Cutworms: Where are They Coming From?

Purdue TURF TIP 9/8/05 Turfgrass nematode damage? … Sample to be sure!

Tashiro - Plant parasitic nematodes associated with golf putting green turf in Hawaii.

Nematodes, Bermudagrass & Spring-applied Herbicides

Murdoch - Plant parasitic nematodes associated with golf putting green turf in New York.

Warm-Season Turf Insects

Warm-season Turf Nematodes

Cool-season Turf Nematodes

Nematode Sampling for Diagnosis

Entomopathic Nematodes for Insect Control

Nematode Pests of Turf: Their Identification

Treatment for Fall Armyworms

June 14, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - NEMATODES
 
May 11 - UMass Turf Program Update - NEMATODES
 
April 18 - UMass Turf Program Update - NEMATODES
 
July 13, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - Armyworm Update
 

July 31, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Updates - ARMYWORMS - WHAT'S NEXT?

 
July 23, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - ARMYWORMS
 
 
June 13, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - Armyworm Update
 
July 10, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Updates - ARMYWORMS
 
June 29, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - Armyworm
 
June 28, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - armyworm (Pseudaletia unipuncta)

Potter - Earthworms, thatch, and pesticides.

Williamson - Nocturnal activity and movement of black cutworms (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and response to cultural manipulations

Williamson - Black cutworms: where are they coming from?

Cutworms

Williamson - An innovative approach to black cutworm management.

Black Turfgrass ataenius

Black Turfgrass Ataenius

Black Turfgrass Ataenius on Golf Courses

Black Cutworms

Black Cutworm - Turf Tips: 2000, Number 3

Williamson - Oviposition of black cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on creeping bentgrass putting greens and removal of eggs by mowing.

Update On Black Cutworm For Golf Courses

Kneebone - Creeping bentgrass and sod webworm larvae.

Davis - Vertical distribution of three nematode genera in a bentgrass putting green in central Illinois.

Davis - Population fluctuations of three nematodes genera in putting greens in northern Illinois

From the worm's eye view

Reduction of Earthworm Activity by Fungicides

Armyworms

Cutworms

Mole Crickets

Clemson U Mole Cricket Research

Auburn U - Controlling Mole Crickets

Mole Crickets in Turf

USGA GR (Sep 2001): An Inside Look at Mole Cricket Management

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - A Parasitic Fly that Kills Mole Crickts: Its Use in States North of Florida Univeristy of Florida
2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Improved Mole Cricket Management Through the Application of an Enhanced Ecological and Behavioral Database North Carolina State University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Biological control agents for mole crickets

2002 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Biological control agents for mole crickets

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(2) - Managing Mole Crickets: Site Assessment and Mapping
 
Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(8) - Mole Crickets UP North?

UFL Mole Cricket site

O'Brien - Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes. (mapping pests)

Mapping the Mole Crickets

Mole Cricket Mgmt. Guide

Mole Crickets in Turf

Mole Crickets in Indiana?

Mole Crickets

Burton - Mole cricket management vs. control.

Mole Crickets

Ants

Lopez - Management of a mound-building ant, Lasius neoniger Emery, on golf putting greens and tees using delayed-action baits or fipronil.

Ant Mounds on Greens

USGA GR: Nuisance Ants on Golf Courses: Understanding Ant Biology and Behavior May Help Control Mound Building on Putting Greens and Tees (Jul 2004)

Beetles

Vittum - Does lime control Japanese beetle grubs in turf?

2003 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Mating disruption of oriental beetle with pheromones

2004 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Mating disruption of oriental beetle with pheromones

2005 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Mating disruption of oriental beetle with pheromones

Grubs / Larvae / Weevils / Chinch Bugs

Grub Control on Golf Courses

USGA GR, Chinch bug management (Jan 2006)

USGA GR (Nov 2002): Biological Control of White Grubs by Parasitic Wasps: Parasitic Wasps Help Control White Grub Populations

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Enhancing Biological Control of White Grubs by Native Parasitic Wasps on Golf Courses University of Kentucky

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Characterization of the Sex Pheromone of the Southern Masked Chafer Cyclocephala University of Kentucky

2003 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Sustainable white grub management with Steinernema scarabaei: A new highly white grub-pathogenic and -specific nematode

2004 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Sustainable white grub management with Steinernema scarabaei: A new highly white grub-pathogenic and -specific nematode

2005 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Sustainable white grub management with Steinernema scarabaei: A new highly white grub-pathogenic and -specific nematode

2003 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Biological-based management of white grubs, cutworms, and mound-building ants on golf courses

2004 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Biological-based management of white grubs, cutworms, and mound-building ants on golf courses

September 5 - UMass Turf Program Update - Monitoring White Grubs - Did My Insecticide Work?
June 6, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - Identifying White Grubs in New England (pdf)
 
June 6, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - Management of White Grubs in New England (pdf)

August 30 - UMass Turf Program Update - WHITE GRUBS

May 30, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - ANNUAL BLUEGRASS WEEVILS (HYPERODES WEEVILS) ON THE MARCH!
 
May 23, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - INSECTS (weevils, cartepillars, white grubs)
 
April 30- UMass Turf Program Update - INSECTS (weevils, grubs, cutworms, ants)
 
April 17, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - INSECTS (weevils, grubs, chinch bugs and billbugs)

Purdue TURF TIP 9/6/05 White Grub Damage

2004 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Resistant turfgrass for improved chinch bug management on golf courses

2005 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Resistant turfgrass for improved chinch bug management on golf courses

White Grubs - UMass Turf Program
 
White Grubs in Turf, G92-1085-A (Nebraska)
Pesticides / Insecticides

American Crop Protection Association

Turfgrass Trends, Insecticides articles

Federal Pesticide Recordkeeping Requirements

Federally Registered Restricted Use Pesticides
 
Pesticide Laws and Regulations, G79-479 (U Nebraska)
 
Hazardous Waste Management Requirements for Pesticides
Ag Chem Info Services - MSDS

Signs and Symptoms of Pesticide Poisoning

Protective Clothing and Equipment for Pesticides
 
Transport, Storage and Disposal of Pesticides
GCSAA Resource Center -The Facts about Golf Course Pesticides

Virginia Tech - Virtual Pesticide Safety Education Institute

USGA GR: Research Results in Use Today: The Bethpage Green Course Project (pesticide-free green management) (May 2004)

USGA GR (Jan 1995): Pesticide Mobility and Persistence in a High-Sand-Content Green

Purdue TURF TIP 1/11/04 Best Pesticide Management Practices for Indiana Golf Courses- Jan 2004

‡Tree, Turf And Ornamental Pesticide Guide by WT Thomson (2000)
 
‡The Pesticide Book by George Ware (5th ed.)
 
‡THE 2000-2001 PESTICIDE DIRECTORY A Guide to Producers and Products, Regulators, Researchers and Associations in the United States By Lori Thomson Harvey & W.T. Thomson
 

The Pesticide Label; G89-937-A (Nebraska)

Rinsing Pesticide Containers; G93-1150-A (Nebraska)
 
Worker Protection Standard for Agricultural Pesticides
 
EPA Worker Protection Standards

Turgeon - Pesticides

Pesticides - PPIGB
 
ABW Degree Day Model - UMass Turf Program

Pesticide Runoff - see Turfgrass Research (above)

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Further Evaluation and Modeling of Pesticide Partitioning Data From Putting Green Lysimeters University of California

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Disease Management Program to Reduce Pesticide Use on Bentgrass Greens North Carolina State University

2003 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Managing pesticide exposure from treated turf

UFL Managing Pesticides for Golf Course Maintenance and Water Quality Protection T.M. Buttler, A.G. Hornsby, P.W.M. Augustijn-Beckers, L.B. McCarty, D.E. Short, R.A. Dunn, G.W. Simone

Pesticide Best Management Practices (BMPs) - Maryland Department of Agriculture

Pesticide Action Network North America (PANNA)
 

Pesticide Calibration Formulas and Information

Pesticide and liquid fertilizer spray calculator

PESTICIDE.NET -- Pesticide News, Information

 
Linn et al., eds., Sorption and Degradation of Pesticides and Organic Chemicals in Soil (SSSA 1993)
 

TurfFax May-Jun 1999 - Organophosphate Turf Insecticides Phasing Out

Organic and Biological Pest Controls

Ou - Enhanced biodegradation of the nematicide fenamiphos in soil.

Ou - Degradation of fenamiphos in soil with a history of continuous fenamiphos applications.

USGA Does Fertilizer/Pesticide Use on a Golf Course Put Water Resources in Peril?

USGA Loss of Nitrogen and Pesticides from Turf via Leaching and Runoff

USGA Pesticide Storage: One Step Ahead

USGA What Happens to Pesticides Applied to Golf Courses?

USGA Environmental Fate of Common Turf Pesticides - Factors Leading to Leaching

USGA What's Worth Worrying About in Life?

Birds

Schwartzkopf - Golf course aviary and animal problems.

Cummings - Developments in Canada goose repellents.

USGA GR (Sep 1995): Henze - Canada geese--definitely no "birdie".

USGA GR (May 1993): Simple Fences Minimize Goose Traffic

USGA GR (Sep 1993): Developments in Canada Goose Repellents

2001 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Burrowing owl conservation on golf courses

2002 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Burrowing owl conservation on golf courses

USGA GR: Golf Courses Help Save Burrowing Owls (Sep 2005)

USGA GR: Sharing Your Course with Raptors: Eagles, Hawks, Owls, and Other Birds of Prey can be a Vital Part of Wildlife on a Golf Course (Jul 2004)

Mammals

Vertebrate Pest Control

Critter Controls

Purdue Publications: Moles

Diseases

General
Pythium Blight
Dollar Spot
Take-All Patch
Brown Patch
Yellow Tuft
Fairy Rings
Moss
Snow Mold
Stripe Smut
Anthracnose
Wilt Disease
Other Diseases
Fungicides

General

Turfgrass Trends, Disease Management articles

‡Color Atlas of Turfgrass Diseases

Plant Pathology / Disease Online
 
 
Plant Viruses Online - Index to Virus Species
 
 
Plant Viruses Online - Index to Virus Acronyms
 
APS Journals
 
 
Phytopathology News
 
 
Plant Health Progress
 
 
Phytopathology
 
 
Plant Disease
 
MPMI
Turgeon - Plant Diseases

UFL Plant Disease Management Guide

UFL Turfgrass Disease Management M. L. Elliott and G. W. Simone
UFL Disease Control in Turf: Common Turf Diseases Gary Simone and Monica Elliott
 
Purdue: Turfgrass Disease Profiles

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Seasonal activity of turfgrass pathogens

Shurtleff & Averre, The Plant Disease Clinic and Field Diagnosis of Abiotic Diseases (APS 1997)

‡Compendium of Turfgrass Diseases, 2nd edition.  (1992).   Authors:  Richard W. Smiley, Peter H. Dernoeden, and Bruce B. Clarke.   The American Phytopathological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN

Gould - Disease resistance and quality of bentgrasses in Washington state.

BioCycle - New approach to the green. (fetilizer disease suppression)

UK Turf Putting Green Diseases Publications List

Creeping Bentgrass Diseases

Diseases in Poa annua

Warm-season Turf Fungal Diseases

Managing Turfgrass Diseases

Diseases Running Rampant on Golf Courses

Irrigation and Its Impact on Turfgrass Diseases

Disease and Insect Control for Commercial Turf

Bentgrass Diseases

2001 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Development of improved bentgrass cultivars with herbicide resistance, enhanced disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance through biotechnology

2002 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Development of improved bentgrass cultivars with herbicide resistance, enhanced disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance through biotechnology

AG-360: Diseases of Warm-Season Grasses

Diseases of Bentgrass on High-Sand-Content Golf Greens

July 18 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES

June 26, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES

March 28, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES - GDr Gail Schumann, Commonly Used Turfgrass Fungicides and the Diseases They Control (pdf chart)

Pythium Blight

Pythium Control - UW Turfgrass Pathology Research

Overseeded Bermuda Pythium Blight

UFL Pythium Blight of Turfgrasses Gary W. Simone

UFL Pythium Root Rot M. L. Elliott and G. W. Simone
 
TAMU Duble - Pythium Blight

U Wisconsin Pythium Blight

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Pythium Blight

Feng - Pythium species associated with root dysfunction of creeping bentgrass in Maryland.

†Hendrix - Pythium species associated with golf turfgrasses in the South and Southeast.

Purdue Is it dollar spot, brown patch, or Pythium?

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(5) - Which Disease is Damaging Your Turf:  Is it Dollar Spot, Brown Patch, or Pythium?

Pythium Blight of Turfgrass, G88-890-A (Nebraska)
Dollar Spot

U Wisconsin - Dollar Spot Control - UW Turfgrass Pathology Research

Purdue TURF TIP 1999 Dollar Spot on Golf Courses

Purdue TURF TIP 6/13/05 Early Dollar Spot Applications Make Sense

PurdueTURF TIP 5/14/03 Early Season Dollar Spot Control Makes Sense

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Dollar Spot

UFL Dollar Spot M. L. Elliott and G. W. Simone

USGA GR: Improving Dollar-Spot Resistance in Creeping Bentgrass Belanger, Faith C.; Bonos, Stacy A.; Meyer, William A. 2005. USGA Green Section Record. July/August. 43(4): p. 10-11.

Control of dollarspot Anonymous. 1948. Timely Turf Topics. February. p. 1.

Copper spot on turf grasses Lefebvre, C. L. 1947. Timely Turf Topics. June. p. 2.

Early dollarspot attacks Anonymous. 1944. Timely Turf Topics. June. p. 5.

Dollarspot and brownpatch control on ryegrass greens in Georgia Anonymous. 1943. Timely Turf Topics. December. p. 1.

Dollarspot control Anonymous. 1940. Timely Turf Topics. May. p. 1.

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - The Basic Biology and Etiology of Sclerotinia homoecarpa, the Causal Agent of Dollar Spot Cornell University

2003 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Genomic linkage map construction and identification of quantitative trait loci associated with dollar spot resistance in creeping bentgrass

2004 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Genomic linkage map construction and identification of quantitative trait loci associated with dollar spot resistance in creeping bentgrass

2005 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Genomic linkage map construction and identification of quantitative trait loci associated with dollar spot resistance in creeping bentgrass

TAMU Duble - Dollar Spot

U Missouri - Dollar spot on bentgrass 1997 - 1998 Turfgrass Research

U Missouri - Dollar spot on bentgrass 1996 - 1997 Turfgrass Research

U Missouri - Dollar spot - 1999 Turfgrass Research

U MIssouri - Dollar spot on bentgrass 1998 - 1999 Turfgrass Research

U Missouri - Dollar spot on bentgrass 1999 - 1999 Turfgrass Research

U Wisconsin - Dollar Spot

Purdue TURF TIP 5/23/04 Early Dollar Spot on Golf Courses This Year

Nelson - Suppression of dollar spot on creeping bentgrass and annual bluegrass turf with compost-amended topdressings.

†Golembiewski - Dollar spot severity as influenced by trinexapac-ethyl, creeping bentgrass cultivar, and nitrogen fertility.

†Settle - Dollar spot and brown patch fungicide management strategies in four creeping bentgrass cultivars.

†Abernathy - Dollar spot resistance among blends of creeping bentgrass cultivars.

†Davis - Dollar spot severity, tissue nitrogen, and soil microbial activity in bentgrass as influenced by nitrogen source.

†Belanger - Dollar spot resistant hybrids between creeping bentgrass and colonial bentgrass.

†Belanger - Improving dollar-spot resistance in creeping bentgrass.

†Allen - Effect of foliar disease on the epiphytic yeast communities of creeping bentgrass and tall fescue.

†Uriarte - Effect of soluble silica on brown patch and dollar spot of creeping bentgrass.

†Bonos - Plant responses and characteristics associated with dollar spot resistance in creeping bentgrass.

†Dai - Expression of pokeweed antiviral proteins in creeping bentgrass.

†Guo - Transgenic creeping bentgrass with delayed dollar spot symptoms.

†Zhang - Application of trinexapac-ethyl and propiconazole enhances superoxide dismutase and photochemical activity in creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stoloniferous var. palustris).

†Powell - Management of dollar spot on creeping bentgrass with metabolities of Pseudomonas aureofaciens (TX-1).

†Mercier - Use of the growth regulator paclobutrazol in the management of dollar spot of creeping bentgrass in Minnesota.

†Goatley - Crabgrass control and dollar spot suppression in creeping bentgrass with DSMA.

†Burpee - Control of dollar spot of creeping bentgrass caused by an isolate of Sclerotinia homoeocarpa resistant to benzimidazole and demethylation-inhibitor fungicides.

†Burpee - Interactive effects of plant growth regulators and fungicides on epidemics of dollar spot in creeping bentgrass.

†Liu - Core cultivation and efficacy of benomyl applied to creeping bentgrass.

†Liu - Microbial populations and suppression of dollar spot disease in creeping bentgrass with inorganic and organic amendments.

†Engelke - Registration of 'Cato' creeping bentgrass.

†Engelke - Registration of 'Crenshaw' creeping bentgrass.

†Rimelspach - Evaluation of fungicides for resistance to dollar spot (Sclerotinia homoecarpa) on creeping bentgrass.

†Grogan - Evaluation of fungicides for control of dollar spot in creeping bentgrass, 1993.

†Grogan - Evaluation of fungicides for control of dollar spot in creeping bentgrass, 1992.

†Hartman - Evaluation of fungicides for prevention of dollar spot and brown patch of creeping bentgrass, 1986.

†Scott - Evaluation of fungicides for control of dollar spot in creeping bentgrass, 1985.

†Scott - Evaluation of fungicides for control of dollar spot in creeping bentgrass, 1984.

†Hall - Relationship between weather factors and dollar spot of creeping bentgrass.

†Colbaugh - The influence of cutting height and nitrogen fertility on dollar spot incidence in Tifgreen bermudagrass.

†Lo - Improved biocontrol efficacy of Trichoderma harzianum 1295-22 for foliar phases of turf diseases by use of spray applications.

†Vincelli - Variation among creeping bentgrass cultivars in recovery from epidemics of dollar spot.

Williams - Dollar spot on bentgrass influenced by displacement of leaf surface moisture, nitrogen, and clipping removal.

Purdue - Is it dollar spot, brown patch, or Pythium?

June 8, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES (yellow patch -- cool-season brown patch, dollar spot)

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(5) - Turfgrass Disease Profile:  Dollar Spot on Cool-Season Grasses
 
Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(5) - Which Disease is Damaging Your Turf:  Is it Dollar Spot, Brown Patch, or Pythium?
Dollar Spot Disease of Turfgrass; G85-742-A (Nebraska)
Take-All Patch

Take-All Patch Control - UW Turfgrass Pathology Research

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Take-All Patch

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Relationship of Environment, Management, and Physiology to Bermuda-grass Decline Texas A&M University
UFL Take-all Root Rot M. L. Elliott and G. W. Simone
 
TAMU Duble- Bermudagrass Decline
TAMU Duble - Take-All Patch (Bermuda Decline)

Purdue TURF TIPS 1999 Take-All Patch on New Golf Courses

Purdue TURF TIPS 2000 Take-All Patch on Golf Courses

Wisconsin: Take-All Patch

TurfFax Jul-Aug 1999 - Take-all Patch

June 22, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES (brown patch, fusarium, take-all patch)
Brown Patch

U Wisconsin - Brown Patch

UGA Brown Patch

UFL Brown Patch M. L. Elliott and G. W. Simone

TAMU Duble - Brownpatch

U MIssouri - Brown patch on bentgrass 1998 - 1999 Turfgrass Research

U Missouri - Brown patch on bentgrass 1997 - 1998 Turfgrass Research

U Missouri - Brown patch on bentgrass 1996 - 1997 Turfgrass Research

Purdue TURF TIPS 2000 Is it dollar spot, brown patch, or Pythium?

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Brown Patch

June 22, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES (brown patch, fusarium, take-all patch)
 
June 13, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES (anthracnose, brown patch, pythium blight, bacterial wilt)
 
June 8, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES (yellow patch -- cool-season brown patch, dollar spot)

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(5) - Which Disease is Damaging Your Turf:  Is it Dollar Spot, Brown Patch, or Pythium?

Brown Patch Disease of Turfgrass, G84-688-A (Nebraska)
Yellow Tuft

Yellow Tuft

June 8, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES (yellow patch -- cool-season brown patch, dollar spot)

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Yellow Patch

Fairy Rings

Schwartzkopf - Everything you've always wanted to know about fairy rings (but were afraid to ask)

USGA GR (Nov 2002): Fairy Ring: Fantasy or Nightmare?

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Fairy Ring

It's worth a try USGA Green Section. 1982. USGA Green Section Record. May/June. 20(3)

Everything you've always wanted to know about fairy rings (but were afraid to ask) Schwartzkopf, Carl. 1978. USGA Green Section Record. January. 16(1): p. 7-10.

Seeing circles USGA Green Section. 1974. USGA Green Section Record. September. 12(4)

Diseases of bermudagrasses Moncrief, James B. 1965. USGA Green Section Record. July. 3(2): p. 1-7.

Fairy rings Anonymous. 1950. USGA Journal and Turf Management. September. 3(5): p. 28.

Fairy rings Anonymous. 1940. Timely Turf Topics. October. p. 3.

Fairy rings Anonymous. 1925. Bulletin of the Green Section of the U.S. Golf Association. August 15. 5(8): p. 186-187.

Fairy rings at Minikahda Anonymous. 1924. Bulletin of the Green Section of the U.S. Golf Association. May 22. 4(5): p. 123.

Fairy rings Shantz, H. L. 1922. Bulletin of the Green Section of the U.S. Golf Association. June 17. 2(6): p. 180-184.

Purdue - Fairy Rings

UFL Fairy Rings M. L. Elliott and G. W. Simone

TAMU Duble - Fairy Rings

Purdue - Fairy Rings and More About Mushrooms

Purdue - More About Fairy Rings

May 3, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES (green-up problems, fairy rings)
 
Mushrooms, Puffballs, Fairy Rings, and Slime (Nebraska)
 
 
Moss

Snow - A rolling stone--and healthy turf. (mosses)

Moss in Golf Greens

USGA GR: Moss Control - New Products and Strategies: Promising Moss Control Strategies for Mid-Atlantic Region Putting Greens (Jul 2004)

USGA GR (Jul 2003): Moss Infestations in Putting Greens: Eradication by Electromotive Destruction of Chlorophyll

USGA GR (Sep 1998): Moss Eradication In Putting Green Turf

Purdue Turf Tips: Moss in Golf Greens

Purdue TURF TIP 6/20/05 Quicksilver Receives 24C Registration for Moss on Greens in Indiana

NCSU Turf Files: Algae & Moss Control in Turf

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(6) - Moss in Golf Greens

Snow Mold

Snow Mold Control - UW Turfgrass Pathology Research

Diagnosing Pink Snow Mold

Purdue TURF TIP 4/15/03 Pink Snow Mold Activity?

USGA GR: Carving an Edge in Snow Mold: Researchers Continue to Improve Our Understanding of these Cool-Season Turf Diseases (Mar 2004)

Happ - Is it or isn't it? Using a quick method to identify pink snow mold.

Wisconsin: Pink Snow Mold

Wisconsin: Gray Snow Mold

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Gray Snow Mold

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Pink Snow Mold

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(8) - Introduction to Snow Mold Diseases
 
Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(8) - Introduction to Snow Mold Diseases
Turfgrass Tips Online vol1(10) - Turf News from the Northeast (snow molds)
September 21, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - 2001-2002 Golf Course Superintendents Snow Mold Study
February 21, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Updates - DISEASES (gray snow mold -- Typhula blight, pink snow mold -- Fusaium patch)

May 25, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES (fusarium blight -- pink snow mold)

June 22, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES (brown patch, fusarium, take-all patch)

April 17, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES (gray snow mold)
 
Snow Mold Study - Umass Turf Program

Snow Mold Diseases of Turfgrass, G86-824 (Nebraska)

Stripe Smut

Stripe Smut

Stripe Smut Disease of Turfgrass, G93-1149-A (Nebraska)
 
Anthracnose

Basal Rot Anthracnose

Anthracnose

Bentgrass Diseases - Athracnose

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Anthracnose

Wilt Disease
‡Beckman, The Nature of Wilt Diseases of Plants (APS 1987)
Other Diseases
Duble - Fusarium Blight
 
 
Duble - Bipolaris & Exserohilum (Helmintho-sporium) Diseases
 
 
Duble - Spring Dead Spot in Bermudagrass

USGA GR: Identification, Distribution, and Aggressiveness of Spring Dead Spot Pathogens of Bermudagrass (Mar 2004)

USGA GR: Rapid Blight Disease of Cool-Season Grasses: Research Reveals that Certain Cultivars Tolerate Rapid Blight and May be Suitable for Overseeding (Sep 2004)

USGA GR:Understanding Bentgrass Dead Spot: Important New Information Helps Manage this Recently Discovered Putting Green Disease (Jan 2003)

USGA GR (Jan 2002): Spring Dead Spot: A Major Bermudagrass Disease

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(1) - Turfgrass Disease Profile: Leptosphaeria Spring Dead Spot

August 10, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - BENTGRASS DEAD SPOT

July 25, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - SUMMER PATCH

USGA GR: Defining the Nature of Creeping Bentgrass Root Diseases (Jul 2005)

Purdue TURF TIP 9/17/04 Gray Leaf Spot 2004

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Gray Leaf Spot

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Leaf Spot/Melting Out

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Red Thread

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Leaf Rust

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Powdery Mildew

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Slime Mold

Purdue  Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Summer Patch

Purdue  Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Necrotic Ring Spot

Purdue Turfgrass Disease Profiles: Rhizoctonia Large Patch

Purdue TURF TIP 5/23/04 Localized Dry Spot Returns for 2004

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - The Biology and Management of Spring Dead Spot In Bermudagrass Kansas State University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Growth and pathogenicity of Ophiosphaerella agrostis and epidemiology of bentgrass dead spot, a new pathogen and disease of creeping bentgrass

2002 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Growth and pathogenicity of Ophiosphaerella agrostis and epidemiology of bentgrass dead spot, a new pathogen and disease of creeping bentgrass

2003 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Growth and pathogenicity of Ophiosphaerella agrostis and epidemiology of bentgrass dead spot, a new pathogen and disease of creeping bentgrass

2003 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - A biocontrol strategy for increasing resistance to spring dead spot in bermudagrass

2004 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - A biocontrol strategy for increasing resistance to spring dead spot in bermudagrass

2005 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - A biocontrol strategy for increasing resistance to spring dead spot in bermudagrass

2001 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Development of gray leaf spot resistant perennial ryegrass through breeding and biotechnological approaches

2002 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Development of gray leaf spot resistant perennial ryegrass through breeding and biotechnological approaches

2003 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Biology and integrated management of rapid blight, a new disease of rough bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, annual bluegrass, and creeping bentgrass

2004 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Biology and integrated management of rapid blight, a new disease of rough bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, annual bluegrass, and creeping bentgrass

2005 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Biology and integrated management of rapid blight, a new disease of rough bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, annual bluegrass, and creeping bentgrass

Mushrooms, Puffballs, Fairy Rings, and Slime (Nebraska)

Summer Patch and Necrotic Ring Spot, G90-970 (Nebraska)
 
'Helminthosporium' Leaf Spot and Melting Out (Nebraska)
 
Rust Diseases of Turfgrass; G92-1119-A (Nebraska)
 
NF01-468 Management Program for Powdery Mildew (Nebraska)

Purdue TURF TIP 4/29/03 Necrotic Ring Spot and Summer Patch Active or Soon to be Active

Fungicides
Turfgrass Fungicide Trade Names, NebFacts 95-214

Turfgrass Trends, Fungicide articles

Cleary Chem. Fungicides

USGA GR: Non-Target Effects of Fungicide Applications on Microbial Populations of Putting Greens (Jul 2006)

USGA GR (May 2003): Strategies from the Field to Delay Fungal Resistance

March 28, 2001 - UMass Turf Program Update - DISEASES - GDr Gail Schumann, Commonly Used Turfgrass Fungicides and the Diseases They Control (pdf chart)

Turfgrass Fungicide Trade Names, NF 95-214 (Nebraska)

Chamberlain - Thatch biodegradation and antifungal activities of two lignocellulolytic Streptomyces strains in laboratory cultures and in golf green turfgrass.

California Fairways - MAR/APR 2001 - THE JURY HAS SPOKEN on Golf Course Trials By Bill Blackman, Larry Liggett, and Rafael Martinez Fungicide trials
California Fairways - Aug/Sep 97 - New Fungicide Passing Test in California

2001 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Transformation of bermudagrass for improved fungal resistance

2002 Turfgrass and Environmetal Research - Transformation of bermudagrass for improved fungal resistance

TurfFax May-Jun 1999 - Compass Fungicide

Mzur - Soil microorganisms and preventive fungicide programs--what are the interactions?

Koske - Mycorrhizal fungi benefit putting greens.

Reduction of Earthworm Activity by Fungicides

Elliott - Effect of systemic fungicides on a bermudagrass putting green infested with Gaeumannomyces graminis var. graminis.

Evaluation of Experimental and Standard Fungicides for Control of Rhizoctonia blights in creeping bentgrass

Severe Weather

See also Seasons (Yellow, Top Menu)

USGA GR: Take the Challenge The Green Section's Turf Advisory Service helps pave the way to proper preparation and the ability to handle tough weather (Mar 2006)

USGA GR: Get Real!: When Maintenance Programs are Altered by Weather, Turf Quality Expectations Need to be Adjusted as Well (Mar 2004)

USGA GR (May 2003): Getting Your Green Back without Greenbacks (Hurricane recovery)

Purdue TURF TIP 2/2/05 Dealing With Flood Damage