Turfgrass Sciences

General Agronomy

Soil Science

Turf Science

General Agronomy
American Society of Agronomy

European Society for Agronomy

European Journal of Agronomy
Crop Science - Soil Science - Agronomy News
Soil Science

General Soil Science
Soil Biology
Mixes & Layers
Amendments
Inorganic Chemistry
Fertilization / Nutrients

General Soil Science

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins - Soil Science

Sciences of Soils

Soil Science Society of America

SSSA Soil Science Glossary
 
British Society of Soil Science

Canadian Society of Soil Science

Agricultural Research for Development
‡Westerman, ed., Soil Testing and Plant Analysis, Third Edition (SSSA 1990)

USGA Physical Soil Testing Laboratories

USGA GR (Nov 1995): Mycorrhizal Fungi Benefit Putting Greens

Soil Biology

Stainer - The microbial world.

Nelson, The Microbial World

Turfgrass Soils Microbiology

The Living Earth

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Identification and Metabolic Diversity of Rhizobacteria from Bentgrass and Bermudagrass Greens Clemson University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Bacterial Populations and Diversity within New USGA Putting Greens University of Florida, Clemson University, and Auburn University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Molecular analysis of turfgrass rhizosphere bacterial communities

2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Molecular analysis of turfgrass rhizosphere bacterial communities

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Molecular analysis of turfgrass rhizosphere bacterial communities

2005 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Cultivation techniques to maximize the efficiency of organic matter removal from sand-based greens

2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Soil physical and chemical characterization of aging golf greens

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Soil physical and chemical characterization of aging golf greens

2004 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Soil physical and chemical characterization of aging golf greens

2005 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Soil physical and chemical characterization of aging golf greens

Bigelow et al., Characterization of Soil Microbial Population Dynamics in Newly Constructed Sand-Based Rootzones

Carley et al., Soil Organic Matter Accumulation in Creeping Bentgrass Greens: A Chronosequence with Implications for Management and Carbon Sequestration

‡Giddens & Todd, eds., Microbial-Plant Interactions (ASA 1984)
‡Huang & Schnitzer, eds., Interactions of Soil Minerals with Natural Organics and Microbes (SSSA 1986)

Koske - Mycorrhizal fungi benefit putting greens.

Koske - Mycorrhizal fungi associated with three species of turfgrass.

Richard E. Koske, Univ. of Rhode Island, Biological Sciences, Publications

Liu et al., Microbial Populations and Suppression of Dollar Spot Disease in Creeping Bentgrass with Inorganic and Organic Amendments

Mazur - Soil microorganisms and preventive fungicide programs--what are the interactions?

Mancino - Soil and thatch microbial populations in an 80% sand: 20% peat creeping bentgrass putting green.

Mixes & Layers

USGA GR (Mar 1993): Hummel - Why We Need Laboratory Standards for Testing Root Zone Mixers

USGA GR (Mar 1993) Lab Methods: Standard Test Methods for Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity, Water Retention, Porosity, and Bulk Density on Putting Green Root Zone Mixes

USGA GR (Mar 1993) Lab Methods: Standard Method of Particle Size Analysis and Grading Sand Shape for Golf Course Putting Green Root Zone Mixes

USGA GR (Mar 1993) Lab Methods: Standard Test Method for Organic Matter Content of Putting Green and Sports Turf Root Zone Mixes

USGA GR (Mar 1993) Lab Methods: ASTM D 2974-87: Standard Test Methods for Moisture, Ash, and Organic Matter of Peat and Other Organic Soils

USGA GR (Mar 1993) Lab Methods: ASTM C 88-90: Standard Test Method for Soundess of Aggregates by Use of Sodium Sulfate or Magnesium Sulfate

Spomer - Soil mixes for golf green construction.

Brown - Physical characteristics of soil mixtures used for golf green construction.

Hiscock - Soil mixing.

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Assessing Differential Rootzone Mixes for Putting Greens Over Time Under Two Environmental Conditions Rutgers University
2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Organic Matter Dynamics in the Surface Zone of a USGA Green: Practices to Alleviate Problems Univeristy of Georgia
2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Effect of Rootzone Material and Depth on Moisture Retention Problems in Undulating USGA Putting Greens Michigan State University

2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Effect of Rootzone Material and Depth on Moisture Retention Problems in Undulating USGA Putting Greens Michigan State University

2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Longer term assessment of putting green rootzone mixes under two microenvironments

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Longer term assessment of putting green rootzone mixes under two microenvironments

Gockel - Everything you've always wanted to know about putting green soil mixes but didn't know whom to ask.

Couillard - Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for analysis of turf soil profiles.

Murphy - High pressure water injection and core cultivation of a compacted putting green.

Taylor - Sub-root zone layering effects on water retention in sports turf soil profiles.

Hodges - Interaction of cyanobacteria and sulfate-reducing bacteria in subsurface black-layer formation in high-sand content golf greens.

Cullimore - Structure of a black plug layer in a turfgrass putting sand green.

Chamberlain - Thatch biodegradation and antifungal activities of two lignocellulolytic Streptomyces strains in laboratory cultures and in golf green turfgrass.

Spomer - Soil mixes for golf green construction.

Spomer - Golf green soil amendment: controlling soil water and aeration.

Black Plug Layer

Berndt - Preventing black layers with nitrate.

Snyder - The choker layer. (soils)

Greens Soil Layering Problems

Hodges - Gaseous hydrocarbons associated with black layer induced by the interaction of cyanobacteria and Desulfovibrio desulfuricans.

Sincerbeau - Fertigation.

Costello - San Francisco Bay Area golf course agronomic survey: summary of results. (greens soils)

Ferguson - The soils controversy--mixes for green construction and topdressing Golf course grass.

Amendments

Green Construction Using Perlite Soil Amendment

Amendments for sand-based greens - 1999 Turfgrass Research

Huang - Physical properties of sand as affected by clinoptilolite zeolite particle size and quantity.

Renovating Greens With Perlite Amendment

California Fairways - Jul/Aug 98 - Soil Amendments & Wetting Agents What Do They Really Do? by Ken Mauser Aquatrols

Soil amendments & creeping bentgrass grow-in

Ngoya - Evaluation of recycled glass and compost as a turfgrass media.

Huang - Clinoptilolite zeolite effect on evapotranspiration rate and shoot growth rate of creeping bentgrass on sand base greens.

Bigelow - Sand-based rootzone modification with inorganic soil amendments and sphagnum peat moss.

Bigelow - Nitrogen leaching in sand-based rootzones amended with inorganic soil amendments and sphagnum peat.

Li - Inorganic soil amendment effects on sand-based sports turf media.

¶Li - Inorganic Soil Amendment Effects on Sand-Based Sports Turf Media

Water and Nutrient Availability as Influenced by a Porous Ceramic Soil Amendment

Inorganic Chem.

Daniels - Chemical characteristics of sand, soil and peat.

EMCI Chemical References

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Cation ratios and soil testing methods for sand-based golf course greens

2004 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Cation ratios and soil testing methods for sand-based golf course greens

2005 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Cation ratios and soil testing methods for sand-based golf course greens

Knoop - Mercury levels in a golf green. (fungicide toxicity)

California Fairways - Mar/Apr 97 - Topdressing With Inorganics, By Bill Mannion

Carrow - Leaching for salinity management on turfgrass sites.

Yenny - Salinity management.

Salinity Tolerance of Turf Grasses

Xu - Annual bluegrass and creeping bentgrass response to varying levels of iron.

TurfFax May-Jun 1999 - Creeping bentgrass & Iron Levels

Salt-Affected Turfgrass Sites: Assessment and Management

Watering to Leach Salts

Greens Chemicals

Fertilization and Liming

Bengeyfield - The forgotten magic of lime.

Goss - Sulfur, the fourth major plant nutrient.

Berndt - Elemental sulfur lowers redox potential and produces sulfide in putting green sand.

Lobaugh - The effects of triclopyr on 2,4-D mineralization in two soils.

Spear - Creeping bentgrass response to zinc in modified soil.

TurfFax Jul-Aug 1999 - Petroleum Spills

Bentgrass Injury from Contaminated Bensumec 4LF

Bensumec 4LF Contamination of Bentgrass

Bensumec 4LF Recall 9-10-01

Fertilization / Nutrients
Pesticide and liquid fertilizer spray calculator

Soil Nutrient Test for Sand-Based Greens

EMCI Chemical References
 
UFL Selected Fertilizers Used in Turfgrass Fertilization J.B. Sartain & J.K. Kruse
 
Turgeon - Fertilization
Turgeon - Essential plant nutrients

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Characterization of Leaching at the Coeur d'Alene Golf Course Floating Green Washington State University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - The Effects of Turfgrass Root Architecture on Nitrate Leaching and Nitrogen Use Efficiency North Carolina State University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Nitrogen and Phosphorus Leaching and Runoff from Golf Greens and Fairways University of Georgia

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Modeling nitrogen and phosphorus runoff and leaching from golf courses using PRZM3/EXAMS2

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Increasing the Nitrogen Use Efficiency of Cool-Season Turfgrasses by Regulating Nitrate Metabolism University of Rhode Island
2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Phosphorus Fertilization of USGA-Type Putting Greens: Placement, Rates and Leaching Auburn University Al

Fertilization and Liming

Fertilizer Materials

California Fairways - Sept/Oct 99 - Phosphorus Facts Myths AND Legends for California Superintendents by David Wilber

Duble - Turfgrass Fertilization

California Fairways - May/Jun 99 - Some Thoughts On the Fertilization of Annual Bluegrass Putting Greens by Robert L. Green, Ph.D. and Grant J. Klein, M.A., University of California, Riverside

Radko - Have we gone too far with low nitrogen on greens?

Shuman - Phosphate and nitrate movement through simulated golf greens.

Shearman - Potassium--a miracle element?

¶Snyder - Nitrogen/Potassium Fertilization Ratios for Bermudagrass Turf
¶Rodriquez - Using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy to Schedule Nitrogen Applications on Dwarf-Type Bermudagras
Chemicals & Health in Golf

Buchanan - Nutrients affect color and vigor of turfgrasses.

Skorulski - Unlocking the mysteries: interpreting a soil nutrient test for sand-based greens.

Green Fertilizing for Crisis

Engel - The six seasonal stages of bentgrass nitrogen fertilization.

Nutrient Balance & Disease

Zontek - Managing fertility in high-sand-content greens.

Hummel - Fertilizing greens with secondary elements and micronutrients.

BioCycle - New approach to the green. (fetilizer disease suppression)

Brown - Nitrogen losses from golf greens.

Fertilizing Bermudagrass Greens

TurfFax May-Jun 1999 - Higher-density Turfgrass & Nitrogen Needs

Elliott - Effect of organic nitrogen fertilizers on microbial populations associated with bermudagrass putting greens.

Schmidt - Bentgrass growth in relation to soil properties of Typic Hapludalfs soil variously modified for a golf green.

Rieke - Maintaining adequate phosphorus levels in sand greens.

Fry - Creeping bentgrass response to P and K on a sand medium

Brauen - Leaching of nitrate from sand putting greens.

Soil pH Management

The Basics of Turfgrass Fertilization

Pepper - Growth of bentgrass as affected by nitrogen, soil pH and age of stand.

Kussow - Peat in greens: knowns, unknowns and speculations.

Karnok - High pH treatments and the alleviation of soil hydrophobicity on golf greens.

McCarty - Plant nutrition, fertilizers and fertilizer programs for Florida golf courses.

Lodge - Fertiliser nutrition of sand golf greens. VI. Cover and botanical composition.

Lodge - Fertiliser nutrition of sand golf greens. VII. Rootzone chemical composition.

†Canaway - Fertiliser nutrition of sand golf greens. I. Establishment and pre-wear results.

Brame - A practical approach to putting green fertilization.

Lodge - The construction, irrigation and fertiliser nutrition of golf greens. I. Botanical and reflectance assessments after establishment and during the first year of differential irrigation and nutrition treatments.

Lodge - The construction, irrigation and fertiliser nutrition of golf greens. II. Playing quality during the first year of differential irrigation and nutrition treatments.

Phosphorous and Potassium Fertilizers Influence Establishment of Bermudagrass

‡Turfgrass Soil Fertility and Chemical Problems: Assessment and Management

Irrigation Journal-Nov/Dec 2000 - Fertigation in your future

California Fairways - Sep/Oct 96 - Fertigation Strategies

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(7) - Get the Fertilizer Ready to Go!

Turf Science


General Crop Science
Turfgrass Cultivars
Selection
Bentgrass
Bermudagrass
Poa annua
Seashore paspalum
Nurseries
Seeding & Grow-in
Plant Growth Regulators

General Crop Science
 
Crop Science Society of America
 
Crop Science - Soil Science - Agronomy News
Glossary of Crop Science Terms

Dr AJ Turgeon's Educational Resources for Turfgrass Science

Turfgrass Research

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2005

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2004

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2003

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2002

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2001

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 2000

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 1999

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 1998

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 1997

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 1996

USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research 1995

USGA Turfgrass Research 1994

USGA Turfgrass Research 1993

USGA Turfgrass Research Program 1992-1993

USGA Environmental Research 1992

USGA Turfgrass Research Program 1991

USGA Environmental Research Program 1991

USGA Turfgrass Research 1990

1989 USGA Turfgrass Research Program

1988 USGA Turfgrass Research Program

1987 USGA Turfgrass Research Program

1986 USGA Turfgrass Research Program

1985 USGA Turfgrass Research Program

1984 USGA Research Program

1983 USGA Research Program

1977 USGA Research Program

National Turfgrass Evaluation Program

National Turfgrass Evaluation Program - Newsletter

National Turfgrass Evaluation Program - On-Site Evaluations

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - On-Site Putting Green Variety Trial National Turfgrass Evaluation Program

2003 NTEP Trials

2004 NTEP Trials

2005 NTEP Trials

The National Turfgrass Research Initiative

Golfdom, Around the country with the USGA GReen Section (Mar 2004)

Golfdom, Around the country with the USGA GReen Section (May 2004)

Golfdom, Around the country with the USGA GReen Section (Jun 2004)

Turfgrass Clutivars
Turfgrass Trends, Turfgrass Cultivars articles
 
Turfgrass Trends, Turfgrass Seeds articles

Turfgrass Trends, Alternative Turfgrass Cultivars articles

Turfgrass Tends, Roundup Ready Creeping Bent has Application Trial
 
Turfgrass Producers International
 
 
Turf Producers International - Links
Turfgrass Cultivars for Nebraska, NF 93-65
 
G91-1016; Cool Season Turfgrasses for Nebraska

UFL IFAS Turf

USGA GR: Developing Annual Bluegrass Cultivars for Putting Greens: Work Continues at Penn State University to Tame this Highly Variable Species (Penn State) (Sep 2004)

USGA GR: Bentgrasses and Bermudagrasses for Today's Putting Greens (Jan 2003)

USGA GR (Sep 1995): FLoraTeX -- a Low-Maintenance Bermudagrass for the South

USGA GR (Nov 1994): Introducing New Seed-Propagated F1 Hybrid(2-Clone Synthetic) Bermudagrass

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Long-Term Preservation of Clonally Propagated Turfgrass Species Colorado State University
2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Identification of Genetic Insect and Mite Pest Resistance in Turfgrasses Texas A&M University
 
2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Turfgrass Germplasm Enhancement

USGA Turfgrass Research Summary 2001

Dr Richard Duble's PLANTanswers Turf Information (TAMU)

CyberTurf Links
Open Directory - Grasses Links

Open Directory - Turfgrass Links

 
Open Directory - Turgrass Ass'ns Links

‡Turfgrass, ASA Agronomy Monograph No. 32

California Fairways - Mar 97 - New Seed for 1997 The following is a list of new proprietary turfgrass varieties, mixes and blends for 1997.

Burton - A history of turf research at Tifton.

Youngner - The search for better grasses.

Gene-splicing New Cultivars

Cultivar Trials for Putting Greens
California Fairways - Nov/Dec 98 - UCR Creeping Bentgrass Cultivar Trials for Putting Greens

Shark.com : Golf Grasses

Selection

Golfdom: Blazing a new trail -- new Bermuda strains challenging bent

Moore - Bent or bermuda greens? A tough decision for the Southern superintendent.

White - Bermudagrass and bentgrass-draw the line!.

California Fairways - Aug/Sep 97 - Seed Selection

Foy - Bentgrass or bermudagrass greens--what is right for Florida?

Myrtle Beach Golf: New Greens of the South

California Fairways - May/Jun 98 - THE GREAT DEBATE: Bentgrass vs. Bermudagrass by Mike Kocour

2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Selection of turf type and seed production on inland saltgrass

Bentgrass
Turgeon - Exploring the Bentgrasses
 
Turgeon - Creeping Bentgrass
 
Turgeon - Colonial Bentgrass
 
Turgeon - Velvet Bentgrass

Turfgrass Trends, Bentgrass articles

Bentgrass breeding, genetics & evaluation

Bentgrass Variety Putting Green Trials 1998-1999

Duble - Bentgrass

USGA Green Section Record
Search: "bent" (thru 11-27-06)

USGA GR: Defining the Nature of Creeping Bentgrass Root Diseases (Jul 2005)

USGA GR: Improving Dollar-Spot Resistance in Creeping Bentgrass (Jul 2005)

USGA GR: Bentgrasses and Bermudagrasses for Today's Putting Greens (Jan 2003)

USGA GR (Mar 1999): Poa/Bent Nurseries - a Perfect Match

USGA GR (Sep 1998): A-4, Not Your Parents' Bentgrass

USGA GR (Sep 1998): Introducing A New Creeping Bentgrass Cultivar Through Interseeding: Does It Work?

USGA GR (Mar 1995): Herbicide-Resistant Creeping Bentgrass

USGA GR (Nov 1993): Bentgrass Breeding -- Texas Style

G91-1016; Cool Season Turfgrasses for Nebraska

Report: Turfgrass Pathology - Bentgrass greens quality 1997

Turfgrass pathology - Bentgrass greens quality 1996

California Fairways - Nov/Dec 98 - UCR Creeping Bentgrass Cultivar Trials for Putting Greens
 
 
NTEP bentgrass green test 1998 - 1999 Turfgrass Research

Penn A-4 Creeping Bentgrass

 
Purdue TURF TIP 7/7/05 Overseeding creeping bentgrass into thinning Poa annua

¶Xu - Morphological and Physiological Characteristics Associated with Heat Tolerance in Creeping Bentgrass

¶Xu - Growth and Physiological Responses of Creeping Bentgrass to Changes in Air and Soil Temperatures
 
¶Huang - Growth and Carbohydrate Metabolism of Creeping Bentgrass Cultivars in Response to Increasing Temperatures
¶Huang - Supraoptimal Soil Temperatures Induced Oxidative Stress in Leaves of Creeping Bentgrass Cultivars Differing in Heat Tolerance
 
¶Xu - Effects of Differential Air and Soil Temperature on Carbohydrate Metabolism in Creeping Bentgrass
 
¶Liu - Heat Stress Injury in Relation to Membrane Lipid Peroxidation in Creeping Bentgrass

Duich - Penneagle creeping bentgrass.

Cattani - Early plant development in 'Emerald' and 'UM67-10' creeping bentgrass.

1997 USGA/GCSAA/NTEP On-Site Bentgrass Test

1997 USGA/GCSAA/NTEP On-Site Bentgrass Test

NTEP 1998 National Bentgrass (Putting Green) Test

Engelke - Bentrgrass breeding--Texas style.

UFL Bentgrass in Florida: Some Important Considerations L. B. McCarty, J. L. Cisar, A. E. Dudeck, T. E. Freeman, G. W. Simone, and R. A. Dunn

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Identification of Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huds.) Cultivars Using Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) Rutgers University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Development of Improved Bentgrass Cultivars with Herbicide Resistance, Enhanced Disease Resistance and Abiotic Stress Tolerance Through Biotechnology Rutgers University
2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - A Multigene-Transfer Strategy to Improve Disease and Environmental Stress Resistance in Creeping Bentgrass Michigan State University
2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Breeding and Evaluation of Kentucky Bluegrass, Tall Fescue, Perennial Ryegrass and Bentgrass for Turf Rutgers University
2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Cultivar and Traffic Effects on Population Dynamics of Bentgrasses and Annual Bluegrass Mixtures Rutgers University
2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Disease Management Program to Reduce Pesticide Use on Bentgrass Greens North Carolina State University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Determination of critical thresholds of soil temperature and heat accumulation capacity controlling summer bentgrass decline for various creeping bentgrass cultivars

2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Determination of critical thresholds of soil temperature and heat accumulation capacity controlling summer bentgrass decline for various creeping bentgrass cultivars

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Determination of critical thresholds of soil temperature and heat accumulation capacity controlling summer bentgrass decline for various creeping bentgrass cultivars

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Genomic linkage map construction and identification of quantitative trait loci associated with dollar spot resistance in creeping bentgrass

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Growth and pathogenicity of Ophiosphaerella agrostis and epidemiology of bentgrass dead spot, a new pathogen and disease of creeping bentgrass

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Growth and pathogenicity of Ophiosphaerella agrostis and epidemiology of bentgrass dead spot, a new pathogen and disease of creeping bentgrass

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Bentgrass breeding consortium

2004 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Bentgrass breeding consortium

Vermeulen - Sensible choices: making better choices of new bentgrass varieties.

Bentgrass Is A Specialty Crop

Dernoeden - Creeping Bentgrass Management (Chelsea MI: Ann Arbor Press, 2000)

Silva - MANAGEMENT STUDY OF ANNUAL Bluegrass Putting Greens YIELDS Beneficial Results.

New Bentgrass Cultivars

New Bentgrass Cultivars

Illinois Bentgrass

Cato Creeping Bentgrass - Pickseed Turf

Backspin Creeping Bentgrass - TMi Turf Merchants Inc

Sandhill Turf | Bentgrass

DOMINANCE Bentgrass

Bentgrass Mgmt on Slopes

Lee - Herbicide-resistant creeping bentgrass.

Bermudagrass
Turgeon - Exploring the Eragrostoids
 
Turgeon - Common Bermudagrass

Turfgrass Trends, Bermudagrass articles

USGA Green Section Record
Search: "bermuda" thru 11-27-06

Golfdom: Blazing a new trail -- new Bermuda strains challenging bent

Golfdom, Bermudagrass Upgrade Means Management Practice Upgrade Too

Golfdom, Eagle Creek Turns to Mini Verde (ultradrawf bermudagrass)

Selecting Burmudagrass Cultivars

Florida Turf - Bermudagrass
 
Florida Turf - Publications

USGA GR: Environment and Culture Affect Bermudagrass Growth and Decline (temperature and shade effects on ultradwarf bermudagrass) (Nov 2004)

USGA GR: Making a Change: The Why, When, and How to's of Regrassing Bermudagrass Greens (Jan 2003)

USGA GR: Bentgrasses and Bermudagrasses for Today's Putting Greens (Jan 2003)

USGA GR (Sep 2001): Opportunity Knocks with the Ultradwarfs

USGA GR (Nov 2001): Going Low with Ultradwarf Bermudagrass Putting Greens

USGA GR (Sep 1999): Bermudagrass Sprig Heat Tolerance

USGA GR (Sep 1999): Unleash the Full Potential of New Bermudagrass Cultivars

USGA GR (Nov 1997): The Hybrid Bermudagrass Scene

USGA GR (Sep 1995): FLoraTeX -- a Low-Maintenance Bermudagrass for the South

Bermudagrass "Old Faithful" Don't assume that other grasses are better.

NTEP 1992 National Bermudagrass Test - 1992-1996 Final Report

NTEP 1997 National Bermudagrass Test - 2000 Data

1998 USGA/GCSAA/NTEP On-Site Bermudagrass Test

1998 USGA/GCSAA/NTEP On-Site Bermudagrass Test

New Bermudagrass Varieties

UFL FloraDwarf TM Bermudagrass A.E. Dudeck and C.L. Murdoch

UFL Ultradrawf bermudagrasses

UFL, Bermudagrass speeds: can fast greens be green?

Florida Turf - Problem Q&A - Cold Hardiness Tifdwarf vs Tifgreen (328)

Duble - Bermudagrass

Foy - The hybrid bermudagrass scene.

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Breeding and Evaluation of Turf Bermudagrass Varieties Oklahoma State University

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Breeding and Evaluation of Turf Bermudagrass Varieties Oklahoma State University

2004 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Breeding and Evaluation of Turf Bermudagrass Varieties Oklahoma State University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Transformation of Bermudagrass for Improved Fungal Resistance Oklahoma State University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Hybrid Bermudagrass Improvement by Genetic Transformation North Carolina State University
2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Hybrid Bermudagrass Improvement by Genetic Transformation North Carolina State University
2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Bermudagrass Cold Hardiness: Characterization of Plants for Freeze Tolerance and Character of Low Temperature-Induced Genes Oklahoma State University
 
2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - A Turfgrass Genome Project: Integration of Cynodon Chromosomes with Molecular Maps of the Cereals University of Georgia
2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - A Turfgrass Genome Project: Integration of Cynodon Chromosomes with Molecular Maps of the Cereals University of Georgia

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Discovery of stress-responsive Cynodon genes by cDNA sequences & expression profiles

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Determining the Genetic Stability of Triploid Bermudagrass Mississippi State University
2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Establishment and Management of Seeded Bermudagrass in the Transition Zone University of Arkansas

2002 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Establishment and Management of Seeded Bermudagrass in the Transition Zone University of Arkansas

2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - The Biology and Management of Spring Dead Spot In Bermudagrass Kansas State University
2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Best Management Practices for New Dwarf Bermudagrasses Texas A&M University

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Relationship of environment, management, and physiology to bermudagrass decline

2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Relationship of environment, management, and physiology to bermudagrass decline

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Identification and metabolic diversity of rhizobacteria from bentgrass and bermudagrass greens

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Evaluation of ultradwarf bermudagrass cultural management practices

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Evaluation of ultradwarf bermudagrass cultural management practices

2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Management of new dwarf bermudagrasses

2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Evaluation of ultradwarf bermudagrass cultural management practices

2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Hybrid bermudagrass improvement by genetic transformation

2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Bermudagrass cold hardiness: Characterization of plants for freeze tolerance and character of low temperature-induced genes

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Freeze-tolerance evaluation of turf bermudagrasses

2004 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Freeze-tolerance evaluation of turf bermudagrasses

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - A biocontrol strategy for increasing resistance to spring dead spot in bermudagrass

2004 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - A biocontrol strategy for increasing resistance to spring dead spot in bermudagrass

2003 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Functional genomics of stress tolerance in bermudagrass

2004 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Functional genomics of stress tolerance in bermudagrass

2005 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Functional genomics of stress tolerance in bermudagrass

2005 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Manganese and/or copper: Gaeumannomyces relationships in the ultrawarf bermudagrasses

¶Golembiewski - Dollar spot severity as influenced by trinexapac-ethyl, creeping bentgrass cultivar, and nitrogen fertility

 
¶Trenholm - Mechanisms of Wear Tolerance in Seashore Paspalum and Bermudagrass
¶Trenholm - Wear tolerance, shoot performance, and spectral reflectance of seashore paspalum and bermudagrass

Moncrief - Bermudagrass greens for championship conditions.

White - Unleash the full potential of new bermudagrass cultivars.

TifEagle Bermudagrass

New Dwarf Bermudagrasses

Guertal - Variations on a green--finding the best bermudagrass for Alabama putting greens.

USGA GR (Sep 1996): Hanna - TW-72: a potential new bermudagrass for golf greens.

UltraDwarfs Management

Ultra dwarf bermuda grasses for greens - comparison

Foy - Going for the gold with bermudagrass greens. II.

Characterization and Management of Bermudagrass

TurfFax May-Jun 1999 - Tifdwarf & Tifgreen Bermudagrass Mutation

Bermudagrass breeding, genetics, evaluation

Poa annua

Penn State Greens Poa annua Research

Turgeon - Exploring the Blues
 
Turgeon - Annual Bluegrass

Managing Poa annua Greens

Developing Poa annua for Greens

USGA Green Section Record
Search: "Poa annua" thru 11-27-06

USGA GR (Jan 1999): For Richer, for Poa

USGA GR (Mar 1999): Poa/Bent Nurseries - a Perfect Match

USGA GR (Nov 1997): Exploring the Use of Plant Growth Regulators to Reduce Winter Injury on Annual Bluegrass(Poa annua L)

Purdue TURF TIP 8/8/03 Decline of Poa annua on Golf Courses

Purdue TURF TIP 6/24/03 Summer stress of Poa annua, Poa trivialis on Golf Courses

Johnson - Inheritance of flowering pattern among four annual bluegrass (Poa annua L.) genotypes.

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Cultivar Development and Extreme Temperature Tolerance of Greens-Type Poa annua Penn State University

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Cultivar Development and Extreme Temperature Tolerance of Greens-Type Poa annua Penn State University

2004 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Cultivar Development and Extreme Temperature Tolerance of Greens-Type Poa annua Penn State University

2005 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Evaluating new Poa annua cultivars under warmer growing conditions

California Fairways - May/Jun 99 - RESEARCH Managing Annual Bluegrass Putting Greens in California CGCSA-GCSAA Cooperative Research Program by Rob Benes
California Fairways - May/Jun 99 - Some Thoughts On the Fertilization of Annual Bluegrass Putting Greens by Robert L. Green, Ph.D. and Grant J. Klein, M.A., University of California, Riverside
Seashore paspalum
Turfgrass Trends, Seashore Pasaplum articles
 
Turgeon - Exploring the Panicoids
 
Turgeon - Seashore Paspalum

Hawaiian Seashore Paspalum

Seashore Paspalum

Duble - Seashore Paspalum

Golfdom, Seashore Pasaplum: Worth its salt

USGA GR: Salts Influence Nematodes in Seashore Paspalum (Jan 2005)

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(3) - New Grass for a New Era (Seashore paspalum)
 
 
2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Seashore Paspalum Ecotype Tolerance to Root-Limiting Soil Stresses and Traffic Stresses University of Georgia
2001 USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Development of Minimal Input Best Management Practices for Paspalum: Insect Resistance University of Georgia

2002 U SGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Development of Minimal Input Best Management Practices for Paspalum: Insect Resistance University of Georgia

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Genetic Enhancement of Paspalum for Recreational Turf University of Georgia
 
2002 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Genetic enhancement of Paspalum for recreational turf

2004 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Breeding seashore paspalum for recreational turf use

2003 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Germplasm evaluation and cultural management of Seashore paspalum

2004 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Germplasm evaluation and cultural management of Seashore paspalum

2005 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Germplasm evaluation and cultural management of Seashore paspalum

‡Seashore Paspalum: The Environmental Turfgrass

¶Trenholm - Mechanisms of Wear Tolerance in Seashore Paspalum and Bermudagrass

¶Trenholm - Wear tolerance, shoot performance, and spectral reflectance of seashore paspalum and bermudagrass
 

Hawaiian Turfgrasses

 

Nurseries

Bevard - Nursery rhymes.

USGA GR (May 2001): Nursery Rhymes

Gross - Poa/bent nurseries--a perfect match.

USGA GR (Mar 1999): Poa/Bent Nurseries - a Perfect Match

Seeding / Grow-in
Turgeon - Turf establishment

Sweeney - Introducing a new creeping bentgrass cultivar through interseeding: does it work?

Interseeding New Bentgrasses

USGA GR (Sep 1999): Bentgrass Putting Green Establishment

Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(3) - Turfgrass Establishment: Seed Pregermination
 
Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(4) - Insect Control During Turfgrass Grow-In
Turfgrass Tips Online vol 1(9) - Golf Course Grow-In Budget
 

UFL Soil Fumigation Before Planting Turf1 Robert A. Dunn and William T. Crow

California Fairways - Mar/Apr 99 - Seed, Sod, or Sprigs Which Would You Choose to Establish a New Green? by Patrick J. Gross, Southwest Director, USGA Green Section

California Fairways - Aug/Sep 97 - Seed Selection

2001 Turfgrass and Environmental Research - Grow-In and Cultural Practice Inputs on USGA Putting Greens and Their Microbial Communities University of Nebraska

Buchen - Golf course construction: grow-in philosophies.

¶Munshaw - Management Strategies during the Establishment Year Enhance Production and Fitness of Seeded Bermudagrass Stolons
 

Grow-in at Sycamore Ridge

Sandy Lyle Design - Growing in Greens

Bentgrass Green Grow-in

Vavrek - Bentgrass putting green establishment.

Elsner - Bermudagrass sprig heat tolerance.

Radko - Color variances in turfgrasses.

Soil amendments & creeping bentgrass grow-in

Bermuda Sprig Heat Damage

Intraseeding Putting Greens