Geoff Mangum's PuttingZone Research
Sample Section: 1.05.03
1.05.03. .-- -- ANATOMY
1.05.03. British Medical Journal Golfers' wrist (editorial) British Med. J. 2(6103), 24-31 Dec 1977, 1622
1.05.03. Clemente, C.D. Anatomy: A Regional Atlas of the Human Body (Baltimore: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1981)
1.05.03. Dunn, Seymour Golf psychology Golf Dig. 28(12), Dec 1977, 105-106, 108 From SD, Golf Fundamentals (1922; repr. NY: Arno Press, 1977); physics, mechanics, anatomy, psych.; mechanics as basis of touch; 105-106: "The actions involved in doing the thing are to be correct automatic peformance, the result of distinct paths in the nervous system, ploughed out by repeated practice of the right kind." 106: "The body muscles receive their instructions and initiative from the mind. The mind gets its inspiration through the eye. Therefore in aiming look attentively not only at the ball but also at the objective point -- the hole or fairway target you have chosen -- so that the eye will register clearly on the mind the thing to be accomplished." [cant assess distance accurately, with real precision, without this sort of focused look -- not the same as an eye-tension filled stare at hole, a "look" with concentration but with relaxed eye muscles.]
1.05.03. Glubegovic, N. & Williams, T.H. The Human Brain: A Photographic Guide (New York: Harper & Row, 1980)
1.05.03. Haultain, Arnold The Mystery of Golf (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1908; new ed., NY: Serendipity Press, 1965, with foreword by Herbert Warren Wind; repr Sandwich, MA: Chapman Billies, Inc., 1997) 73-74: "What the anatomists say is this, that, if the proper orders are issued from the cortex, and gathered up and distributed by the corpora striata and the cerebellum, and then transferred through the crus cerebri, the pons varolli, and the anterior pyramid of the medulla oblongata, down the lateral columns of the spinal cord into the anterior cornua of grey matter in the cervical, the dorsal, and the lumbar region, they will then "traverse the motor nerves at the rate of about a hunfred and elevn feet a second and speedily excite definite groups of muscles in definite ways with the effect of producing the desired movements" (Bastian)." [quoting C. Charlton Bastian, The Brain as an Organ of Mind, London, 1880.] 77: "I am afraid, however, that unless these learned anatomists and neurologists can also tell us some remedy for improperly issued and incorrectly communicated orders, I am afraid theur lucubrations will be of no very great practical value to the golfer who is off his game. It would be a comfort to find out what portion of the anatomical apparatus really was at fault. It would be a comfort to be able to fix the blame, say, on the infundibulum of the pituitary bady or the valve of Vieussens. Which the offending centre is, I am afraid we shall not know till some foozling golfers submit to trepanning. -- Perhaps not even then; for if, as I believe is the case, no alienists has yet been able to discover a  cerebral lesion in the lunatic, it is not likely that the surgeon will find one in the foozler."
1.05.03. Keiffer, S.A. & Heitzman, E.R. An Atlas of Cross-Sectional Anatomy (New York: Harper & Row, 1979)
1.05.03. Kessel, Richard K. & Kardon, Randy H. Tissues and Organs: A Text-Atlas of Scanning Microscopy (San Francisco: William H. Freeman, Scientific American, 1979)
1.05.03. McMinn, R.M.H.; Hutchings, R.T.; Pegington, J. & Abrahams, P. Color Atlas of Human Anatomy (St. Louis, MO: Mosby-Year Book, Inc., 3d ed., 1993)
1.05.03. Murray, P.M. & Cooney, W.P. Golf-induced injuries of the wrist Clinics in Sports Med. 15(1), Jan 1996, 85-109 Biomechanics of wrist action in golf swing
1.05.03. Netter, Frank H., M.D. Atlas of Human Anatomy (Summit, NJ: Ciba-Geigy Corp., 1989)
1.05.03. O'Rourke, Randall M., M.D. Timing Golf World 6(27), Dec 12, 1952, 14-15 I do not advocate that we learn the name of every muscle that we use when golfing, or where each one is located, or just how they must move, or that we should endeavor to control each one consciously. I consider the whole teaching of golf is wrong and always has been because by it players are not asked to be conscious of the proper action of a very few muscles which must control a good golf swing. We all know that tthe body acts a s a unit rhythmically and not as a large number of separate pieces each moving independently. It is necessary to consciously control the golfing machine and it is necessary to learn how to do it, that is if we are going to teach others."
1.05.03. Rohen, Johannes W. & Chihiro, Yokochi Color Atlas of Anatomy (New York & Tokyo: IGAKU-SHOIN Ltd., 3d ed., 1993)
1.05.03. Salter, N. & Darcus, H.D. The amplitude of forearm and of humeral rotation J. of Anat. 87, 1953, 407-418
1.05.03. Spence, Alexander & Mason, Elliott Human Anatomy and Physiology (Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin / Cummings Pub. Co., 3d ed., 1987) 337-358: The Brain; 429-449, The Eye -- Vision; 450-465, The Ear --Heaing & Head Position and Movement; 129-188, The Skeletal System; 189-212, Articulations; 213-244, The Muscular System: General Structure and Physiology; 245-296, The Muscular System: Gross Anatomy
1.05.03. Tortora, Gerard J. & Anagnostakos, Nicholas P. Principles of Anatomy and Physiology (New York: Harper & Row, 4th ed., 1984)
1.05.03. Wilson, F.C. The Musculoskeletal System: Basic Processes and Disorders (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 2d ed., 1983)
1.05.03. Yokochi, C. & Rohen, J.W. Photographic Anatomy of the Human Body (Tokyo & New York: Igaku-shoin, Ltd., 2d ed., 1979)
© 2001 Geoff Mangum. All rights reserved.